مراجع

In addition to the references and citations I have given throughout the text, the following support and provide background to some of the essential points, topics, and examples discussed in each chapter of this book.

الفصل الأول

  • Frederic Jameson’s comments on the Western Bonaventura Hotel in Los Angeles are made in his Postmodernism, or the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism (Verso, 1991), pp. 40, 42, 44.

الفصل الثاني

  • Jean-François Lyotard attacks the prevailing grand narratives in The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge (Manchester University Press, 1984).
  • Edward Said’s account of the imposition of the Western imperialist grand narrative onto Oriental societies, along with a discussion of Flaubert’s encounter, can be found in his Orientalism (Harmondsworth, 1985).
  • George Lakoff and Mark Johnson explore the influence of Derridean deconstruction in Metaphors We Live By (University of Chicago Press, 1980).
  • The remarks from Alun Munslow are taken from his Deconstructing History (Routledge, 1997).
  • See Deborah Lipstadt, Denying the Holocaust: The Growing Assault on Truth and Memory (Penguin, 1993) to get an idea of the consequences of a postmodern approach to history writing.
  • The ‘witch’ example is from Richard J. Evans, In Defence of History (Granta, 1997) 218f., reporting Diane Purkiss, The Witch in History: Early Modern and Twentieth Century Representations (Routledge, 1996), pp. 66–8.
  • Bruno Latour’s comments on Einstein’s relativity theory can be found in Noretta Koertge (ed.), A House Built on Sand (Oxford University Press, 2000), 12 and 181ff.
  • Alan Sokal and Jean Bricmont refute the postmodernist ‘attack on science’ in their Intellectual Impostures (Profile, 1998).
  • Emily Martin’s article ‘The Egg and the Sperm – How Science Has Constructed a Romance Based on Stereotypical Male-Female Roles’ is printed in Evelyn Fox Keller and Helen E. Longino (eds), Feminism and Science (Oxford University Press, 1996), p. 103. Scott Gilbert’s article is cited by Paul R. Gross in ‘Bashful Eggs, Macho Sperm, and Tonypandy’ in Koertge op cit., p. 63.

الفصل الثالث

  • Foucault’s discussion of the episteme takes place in his The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences (Tavistock, 1970).
  • Men, when they get angry and abuse women, seem to find stereotypical, subordinating norms alarmingly available. See George Lakoff, Women, Fire and Dangerous Things: What Categories Reveal about the Human Mind (University of Chicago Press, 1987), 380ff.

الفصل الرابع

  • Brian McHale presents his views on ontological uncertainty in postmodernist writing in his Postmodernist Fiction (Methuen, 1987), pp. 26–43.
  • For a fuller analysis of the development of postmodernist ideas in music, see Christopher Butler, After the Wake: An Essay on the Contemporary Avant Garde (Oxford University Press, 1980), pp. 25–37.
  • Michael Fried discusses the ‘theatricality’ of minimalism in Art and Objecthood (Chicago University Press, 1998), 148ff.
  • Rosalind Krauss explores the idea of re-production in photography in her The Originality of the Avant Garde and Other Modernist Myths (MIT Press, 1985), quote taken from p. 170.
  • For a more sympathetic account of Bofill’s work, see Charles Jencks, Postmodernism: The New Classicism in Art and Architecture (Academy, 1987), 258ff.

الفصل الخامس

  • For reasons to despair about reason, see John Burrow, The Crisis of Reason: European Thought, 1848–1914 (Yale University Press, 2000).
  • The arguments for universalist values have been eloquently put forward by Brian Barry in his Culture and Equality (Polity, 2001).
  • See David Harvey, The Condition of Postmodernity (Blackwell, 1980) for a discussion of the influence of the modern media on culture.

جميع الحقوق محفوظة لمؤسسة هنداوي © ٢٠٢٠