مراجع

الفصل الثاني: آلة يمكنها صنع أي شيء تقريبًا

(1)
Neal Gershenfeld, When Things Start to Think (New York, NY: Henry Holt & Company, 1999).
(2)
Nicholas Negroponte, Being Digital (New York, NY: Random House, 1995).

الفصل الثالث: التصنيع الذكي: جيد وسريع وقليل التكلفة

(1)
Quote from a press conference covered by VentureBeat in May 2012. http://venturebeat.com/2012/05/10/3d-systems-ceo-we-want-3d-printing-to-be-as-big-as-the-ipad/.

الفصل الرابع: اقتصاد الغد القائم على المنتجات القابلة للطباعة

(1)
Chris Anderson, The Long Tail: Why the Future of Business is Selling Less of More (New York, NY: Hyperion Press, 2008).
(2)
Joseph Pine and James Gilmore, The Experience Economy (Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press, 1999).
(3)
Eric Reis, The Lean Startup: How Today’s Entrepreneurs Use Continuous Innovation to Create Radically Successful Businesses. (New York, NY: Crown Publishing Group, 2011).

الفصل الخامس: الطباعة في طبقات

(1)
Harris L. Marcus, Joel W. Barlow, Joseph J. Beaman, and David L. Bourell, “From computer to component in 15 minutes: The integrated manufacture of three-dimensional objects.” JOM: Journal of the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society 42, no. 4 (1990): 8–10.
(2)
Paul Williams, “Three Dimensional Printing: A New Process to Fabricate Prototypes Directly from CAD Models.” Master’s thesis, MIT Mechanical Engineering, 1990.
(3)
Christophe Chaput and J. B. Lafon, “3-D Printing Methods: 3-D Printing Based On Laser Stereolithography Opens Up New Application Fields for Advanced Ceramics.” Ceramic Industry (2011): 15-16.
(4)
Grant Marchelli, Renuka Prabhakar, Duane Storti, and Mark Ganter, “The Guide to Glass 3D Printing: Developments, Methods, Diagnostics and Results.” Rapid Prototyping Journal, 17, no. 3 (2011): 187–194.

الفصل السادس: برامج التصميم: لوح الرسم الرقمي

(1)
John Walker, “The Autodesk File: Bits of History, Words of Experience,” Fourth Edition (1994). Retrieved from http://www.fourmilab.ch/autofile/.
(2)
Richard P. Feynman, Surely You’re Joking, Mr. Feynman! (Bantam, 1985).

الفصل السابع: الطباعة الحيوية بالحبر الحي

(1)
Russ Banham. “Printing a Medical Revolution.” Connections. T. Rowe Price (May 2012).
(2)
E. C. Armstrong (Ed.), The Medieval French Roman d’Alexandre, Vol. 2 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1937).
(4)
Figures cited from Phil Reeves were gathered from Joris Peel’s blog article, “3D printing in medicine: What is happening right now in patients,” February 2011. http://i.materialise.com/blog/entry/3d-printing-in-medicine-what-is-happening-right-now-in-patients.
(5)
Figures cited from Phil Reeves were gathered from Joris Peel’s blog article, “3D printing in medicine: What is happening right now in patients,” February 2011. http://i.materialise.com/blog/entry/3d-printing-in-medicine-what-is-happening-right-now-in-patients.
(6)
Quote from Russ Banham. “Printing a Medical Revolution.” Connections. T. Rowe Price (May 2012).
(7)
Cyrille Norotte, Francois S. Marga, Laura E. Niklason, and Gabor Forgacs, “Scaffold-free vascular tissue engineering using bioprinting.” Biomaterials, 30(30) (2009): 5910–5917.
(8)
Emma Marris, “How to print out a blood vessel,” Nature online. March 2008. http://www.nature.com/news/2008/080320/full/news.2008.675.html.
(9)
Miguel Castilho, Ines Pires, Barbara Gouveia, and Jorge Rodrigues, “Structural evaluation of scaffolds prototypes produced by threedimensional printing.” Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 56 (2011): 561–569.
(11)
Quote from Russ Banham. “Printing a Medical Revolution.” Connections. T. Rowe Price (May 2012).
(12)
V. Mironov, T. Boland, T. Trusk, G. Forgacs, and R. R. Markwald, “Organ printing: computer-aided jet-based 3D tissue engineering.” Trends Biotechnol, 21(4) (2003 Apr): 157–61.
(13)
“Printing Living Tissues: 3-D Printed Vascular Networks Made of Sugar,” ScienceDaily, July 1, 2012. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/07/120701191617.htm.
(14)
Zhuo Xiong, Yongnian Yan, Renji Zhang, and Xiaohong Wang, “Organism manufacturing engineering based on rapid prototyping principles.” Rapid Prototyping Journal, 11(3) (2005): 160–166.

الفصل الثامن: المطبخ الرقمي

(1)
Concept designs developed in collaboration with Amit Zoran. Prototypes developed with the assistance of Zachary Nelson, Josh Ramos, and Varun Perumal.
(3)
Stephen Wolfram blog, “The Personal Analytics of My Life,” March 8, 2012. http://blog.stephenwolfram.com/2012/03/the-personal-analytics-of-my-life/.
(4)
“4 Most Harmful Ingredients in Packaged Foods,” Reader’s Digest online. http://www.rd.com/health/diet-weight-loss/4-most-harmful-ingredients-in-packaged-foods/.
(5)
Rachel Laudan, “In Praise of Fast Food,” Utne Reader, September-October 2010.
(6)
Rachel Laudan, “In Praise of Fast Food,” Utne Reader, September-October 2010.
(7)
Marcel Dicke and Arnold Van Huis, “The Six-Legged Meat of the Future.” Wall Street Journal, February 19, 2011. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748703293204576106072340020728.html.

الفصل التاسع: مصنع داخل الفصل المدرسي

(1)
High Schools: Are they doing their job?: Much criticism. Much anxiety. What’s the truth?” Changing Times 10 (1956): 27–29.
(2)
NSF Report, Horwitz, 1995.
(3)
Frank Coffield, David Moseley, Elaine Hall, and Kathryn Ecclestone, Learning styles and pedagogy in post-16 learning: A systematic and critical review. (Published by the Learning and Skills Research Centre, 2004).
(4)
Frank Coffield, David Moseley, Elaine Hall, and Kathryn Ecclestone, Learning styles and pedagogy in post-16 learning: A systematic and critical review. (Published by the Learning and Skills Research Centre, 2004).
(5)
Harold Pashler, Mark McDaniel, Doug Rohrer, and Robert Bjork. “Learning Styles: Concepts and Evidence.” Psychological Science in the Public Interest 9(3) (2008).
(6)
Glenn Bull, Gerald Knezek, and David Gibson, “A rationale for incorporating engineering education into the teacher education curriculum.” Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education, 9(3) (2009): 222–225.
(7)
Cheryl A. Cox and John R. Carpenter, “Improving attitudes toward teaching science and reducing science anxiety through increasing confidence in science ability in inservice elementary school teachers.” Journal of Elementary Science Education, 1(2) (1989): 14–34.

الفصل العاشر: آفاق جديدة في التصميم والهندسة المعمارية والفن

(2)
Stephen Todd and William Latham, Evolutionary Art and Computers. (Academic Press, September 1992).

الفصل الحادي عشر: تصنيع نظيف وصديق للبيئة

(1)
China Labor Watch reports. http://www.chinalaborwatch.org/.
(2)
“ATKINS: Manufacturing a Low Carbon Footprint. Zero Emission Enterprise Feasibility Study.” Project number N0012J, October 2007. Lead Partner: Loughborough University.
(3)
“ATKINS: Manufacturing a Low Carbon Footprint. Zero Emission Enterprise Feasibility Study.” Project number N0012J, October 2007. Lead Partner: Loughborough University.
(4)
Whitney MacDonald, “Time for Titanium Processing.” CSIRO Process magazine (June 2005): 1-2. http://www.csiro.au/files/files/p81m.pdf
(5)
“ATKINS: Manufacturing a Low Carbon Footprint. Zero Emission Enterprise Feasibility Study.” Project number N0012J, October 2007. Lead Partner: Loughborough University.
(7)
Susan Freinkel, Plastic: A Toxic Love Story (New York, NY: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing, 2011).
(8)
Stat from Global Environmental Polymers, Inc. http://www.degradablepolymers.com/plastic_pollution.html.
(9)
Capt. Charles Moore with Cassandra Phillips, Plastic Ocean: How a Sea Captain’s Chance Discovery Launched a Determined Quest to Save the Oceans (Avery, 2011).
(10)
Joris Peels, “3D printing vs Mass Production: Part IV More beautiful landfill.” i.materialise blog (June 29, 2011). http://i.materialise.com/blog/entry/3d-printing-vs-mass-production-part-iv-more-beautiful-landfill.
(11)
American Chemistry Council, “2005 National Post-Consumer Plastics Bottle Recycling Report” (2005).

الفصل الثاني عشر: الملكية والأمان وجبهات قانونية جديدة

(1)
United States Secret Service. “Know Your Money.” http://www.secretservice.gov/money_technologies.shtml.
(2)
Sebastian Anthony, “The world’s first 3D-printed gun.” ExtremeTech (July 26, 2012). http://www.extremetech.com/extreme/133514-the-worlds-first-3d-printed-gun.
(3)
Mark D. Symes, Philip J. Kitson, Jun Yan, Craig J. Richmond, Geoffrey J. T. Cooper, Richard W. Bowman, Turlif Vilbrandt, and Leroy Cronin, “Integrated 3D-printed reactionware for chemical synthesis and analysis.” Nature Chemistry, 4 (2012): 349–354. doi: 10.1038/nchem.1313.
(4)
Nikki Olson, “3D Printing Laboratories: The Age of DIY Designer Drugs Begins.” Institute for Ethics & Emerging Technologies (April 26, 2012). http://ieet.org/index.php/ieet/more/olson20120426.
(5)
Peter Hanna. “The Next Napster? Copyright questions as 3D printing comes of age.” Ars Technica (April 6, 2011). http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2011/04/the-next-napster-copyright-questions-as-3d-printing-comes-of-age/2/.
(6)
Erin McCarthy, “SXSW: The Looming Legal Battles over 3D Printing.” Popular Mechanics (March 14, 2012). http://www.popularmechanics.com/how-to/blog/sxw-the-looming-legal-battles-over-3d-printing-7333888.
(8)
Simon Bradshaw, Adrian Bowyer, and Patrick Haufe, “The Intellectual Property Implications of Low-Cost 3D Printing.” SCRIPTed, Volume 7, Issue 1 (2010). http://www.law.ed.ac.uk/ahrc/script-ed/vol7-1/bradshaw.asp.
(9)
Phillip Torrone, “MAKE’s Exclusive Interview with Alicia Gibb – President of the Open Source Hardware Association.” Make magazine (April 23, 2012). http://blog.makezine.com/2012/04/23/makes-exclusive-interview-with-alicia-gibb-president-of-the-open-source-hardware-association/.
(10)
Mark A. Lemley and Carl Shapiro, “Probabilistic Patents.” Journal of Economic Perspectives, Volume 19, Number 2 (Spring 2005): pp. 75–98.

الفصل الثالث عشر: تصميم المستقبل

(1)
Stephen Todd and William Latham, Evolutionary Art and Computers. (Academic Press, September 1992).

الفصل الرابع عشر: المرحلة التالية للطباعة الثلاثية الأبعاد

(1)
Katy Scott, “Where is my flying car?” 3rd Degree, 4(10) (September 2007). http://3degree.ecu.edu.au/articles/1378.

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