قراءات إضافية

الفصل الأول: لماذا الربط بين السينما والفلسفة؟

  • Adorno, T. W. (1982). “Transparencies on Film.” New German Critique 24/25. Special Double Issue on New German Cinema (Autumn 1981-Winter 1982), 201-2.
  • Adorno, T. W., & M. Horkheimer (1990). “The Culture Industry: Enlightenment as Mass Deception.” In T. W. Adorno & M. Horkheimer, Dialectic of Enlightenment. New York: Continuum.
  • Benjamin, Walter (1969). “The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction,” trans. H. Zorn. In H. Arendt, ed., Illuminations. New York: Schocken Books.
  • Blessing, Kimberly Ann, & Paul J. Tudico, eds. (2005). Movies and the Meaning of Life: Philosophers Take on Hollywood. Peru, IL: Open Court.
  • Carlshamre, Staffan, & Anders Pettersson, eds. (2003). Types of Interpretation in the Aesthetic Disciplines. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s Press.
  • Carroll, Noël (1988). Philosophical Problems of Classical Film Theory. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Carroll, Noël (2004). “The Power of Movies.” In Peter Lamarque & Stein Haugom Olsen, eds., Aesthetics and the Philosophy of Art: The Analytic Tradition. Oxford: Blackwell.
  • Carroll, Noël (2006). “Introduction: Film and Knowledge.” In Noël Carroll & Jinhee Choi, eds., Philosophy of Film and Motion Pictures. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 381–6.
  • Carroll, Noël (2008). The Philosophy of Motion Pictures. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
  • Carroll, Noël, & Jinhee Choi (2006). Philosophy of Film and Motion Pictures: An Anthology. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
  • Cavell, Stanley (1981). Pursuits of Happiness: The Hollywood Comedy of Remarriage. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Choi, Jinhee (2006). “Apperception on Display: Structural Films and Philosophy.” In Noël Carroll & Jinhee Choi, eds., Philosophy of Film and Motion Pictures. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 165–72.
  • Colman, Felicity (2009). Film, Theory and Philosophy: The Key Thinkers. Durham: Acumen.
  • Deleuze, Gilles (1983). L’image-mouvement. Paris: Minuit.
  • Deleuze, Gilles (1985). L’image-temps. Paris: Minuit.
  • Devereaux, Mary, (1998). “Beauty and Evil: The Case of Leni Riefenstahl’s Triumph of the Will.” In J. Levinson, ed., Aesthetics and Ethics: Essays at the Intersection. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Falzon, Christopher (2007). Philosophy Goes to the Movies: An Introduction to Philosophy. 2nd edn. New York: Routledge.
  • Flaxman, Gregory, ed. (2000). The Brain is the Screen: Deleuze and the Philosophy of Cinema. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
  • Frampton, Daniel (2006). Filmosophy. London: Wallflower.
  • Freeland, Cynthia, & Thomas E. Wartenberg, eds. (1995). Philosophy and Film. London and New York: Routledge.
  • Gilmore, Richard A. (2005). Doing Philosophy at the Movies. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
  • Grau, Christopher, ed. (2005). Philosophers Explore The Matrix. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Irwin, William, ed. (2002). The Matrix and Philosophy: Welcome to the Desert of the Real. Chicago: Open Court.
  • Isaacs, Bruce (2008). Toward a New Film Aesthetic. New York and London: Continuum.
  • Kania, Andrew, ed. (2009). Memento: Philosophers on Film. London: Routledge.
  • Kupfer, Joseph (1999). Visions of Virtue in Popular Film. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
  • Light, Andrew (2003). Reel Arguments: Film, Philosophy, and Social Criticism. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
  • Litch, Mary (2002). Philosophy through Film. New York: Routledge.
  • Livingston, Paisley (2005). Art and Intention: A Philosophical Study. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Livingston, Paisley (2006). “Theses on Cinema as Philosophy.” In Murray Smith & Thomas E. Wartenberg, eds. (2006a), 11–18.
  • Livingston, Paisley (2008). “Recent Work on Cinema as Philosophy.” Philosophy Compass 3, 1–12.
  • Livingston, Paisley, & Carl Plantinga, eds. (2008). The Routledge Companion to Philosophy and Film. London: Routledge.
  • Mullhall, Stephen (2002). On Film. London: Routledge.
  • Murdoch, Iris (1970). The Sovereignty of Good. Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
  • Nussbaum, Martha (1990). Love’s Knowledge. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Pataki, Tamas (2004). “It’s (Not Only) Entertainment.” Review of Christopher Falzon (2002), Philosophy Goes to the Movies: An Introduction to Philosophy (London: Routledge). Australian Book Review 242, June/July, 50-51.
  • Plantinga, Carl, & Greg M. Smith (1999). Passionate Views: Film, Cognition and Emotion. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Read, Rupert, & Jerry Goodenough, eds. (2005). Film as Philosophy: Essays on Cinema After Wittgenstein and Cavell. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Rowland, Mark (2005). The Philosopher at the End of the Universe. London: Ebury Press.
  • Russell, Bruce (2006). “The Philosophical Limits of Film.” In Noël Carroll & Jinhee Choi, eds., Philosophy of Film and Motion Pictures. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 387–90.
  • Scruton, Roger (1998) [Methuen, 1983]. “Photography and Representation.” In The Aesthetic Understanding: Essays in the Philosophy of Art and Culture. South Bend Indiana: St Augustine’s Press.
  • Singer, Irving (2007). Ingmar Bergman, Cinematic Philosopher: Reflections on his Creativity. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Smith, Murray (1995). Engaging Characters: Fiction, Emotion and the Cinema. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Smith, Murray (2006). “Film Art, Argument, and Ambiguity.” In Murray Smith & Thomas E. Wartenberg (eds.). Malden, MA: Blackwell, 33–42.
  • Smith, Murray, & Thomas E. Wartenberg, eds. (2006a). Thinking through Cinema: Film as Philosophy. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
  • Smith, Murray, & Thomas E. Wartenberg (2006b). “Introduction.” In Thinking through Cinema: Films as Philosophy. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 1–9.
  • Stoehr, Kevin L., ed. (2002). Film and Knowledge: Essays on the Integration of Images and Ideas. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.
  • Stone, Alan A. (2007). Movies and the Moral Adventure of Life. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Truffaut, François (1954). “A Certain Tendency in French Cinema.” In Cahiers du cinema.
  • Wartenberg, Thomas E. (2007). Thinking on Screen: Film as Philosophy. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Wartenberg, Thomas E. (2009). “Film as Philosophy.” In Paisley Livingston & Carl Plantinga, eds., The Routledge Companion to Philosophy and Film. London: Routledge, 549–59.
  • Yeats, W. B. (1956). The Collected Poems of W. B. Yeats. New York: Macmillan, 240.

الفصل الثاني: الفلسفة والمشاهدة السينمائية

  • Adorno, T. W., & M. Horkheimer (1990). “The Culture Industry: Enlightenment as Mass Deception.” In T. W. Adorno & M. Horkheimer, Dialectic of Enlightenment. New York: Continuum.
  • Allen, P., & M. Smith, eds. (1997). Film Theory and Philosophy. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Allen, R. T. (1986). “The Reality of Responses to Fiction.” British Journal of Aesthetics 26.1, 64–8.
  • Bazin, Andre (1971). What is Cinema? Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Carroll, Noël (1988). Philosophical Problems of Classical Film Theory. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Carroll, Noël (2004a). “The Power of Movies.” In Peter Lamarque & Stein Olsen, eds., Aesthetics and the Philosophy of Art: The Analytic Tradition. Oxford: Blackwell, 485–97.
  • Carroll, Noël (2004b). “Afterword: Psychoanalysis and the Horror Film.” In Steven Schneider, ed., The Horror Film and Psychoanalysis: Freud’s Worst Nightmares. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 257–70.
  • Carroll, Noël (2008). The Philosophy of Motion Pictures. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
  • Carroll, Noël, & Jinhee Choi (2006). Philosophy of Film and Motion Pictures: An Anthology. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
  • Colman, Felicity (2009). Film, Theory and Philosophy: The Key Thinkers. Durham: Acumen.
  • Currie, Gregory (1990a). The Nature of Fiction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Currie, Gregory (1990b). “Emotion and the Response to Fiction.” In The Nature of Fiction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 182–216.
  • Currie, Gregory (1997). “The Paradox of Caring: Fiction and the Philosophy of Mind.” In Mette Hjort & Sue Laver, eds., Emotion and the Arts, 63–77.
  • Doane, Mary Ann (1993). “Subjectivity and Desire: An(other) Way of Looking.” In Anthony Easthope, ed., Contemporary Film Theory. London: Longman, 161–78.
  • Easthope, Anthony, ed. (1993). Contemporary Film Theory. Longman: London.
  • Elsaesser, Thomas, & Malte Hagener (2010). Film Theory: An Introduction through the Senses. New York and London: Routledge.
  • Feagin, Susan, L. (1997). “Imagining Emotions and Appreciating Fiction.” In Mette Hjort & Sue Laver, eds., Emotion and the Arts, 50–62.
  • Freeland, Cynthia, & Thomas Wartenberg, eds. (1995). Philosophy and Film. New York and London: Routledge.
  • Freud, Sigmund (1993 [1927]). “Fetishism.” Reprinted in Anthony Easthope, ed., Contemporary Film Theory. London: Longman, 27–32.
  • Gardner, Sebastian (1992). “The Nature and Source of Emotion.” In Jim Hopkins & Anthony Savile, eds., Psychoanalysis, Mind and Art: Perspectives on Richard Wollheim. Oxford: Blackwell, 35–54.
  • Gaut, Berys (1994). “On Cinema and Perversion.” Film and Philosophy 1, 3–17.
  • Hanfling, Oswald (1996). “Fact, Fiction, and Feeling.” British Journal for Aesthetics 36, 356–66.
  • Hartz, G. (1999). “How We Can Be Moved by Anna Karenina, Green Slime, and a Red Pony.” Philosophy 74, 557–78.
  • Heinämaa, Sara (1995). “On Thoughts and Emotions: The Problem of Artificial Persons.” Acta Philosophica Fennica 58, 269–86.
  • Joyce, R. (2000). “Rational Fear of Monsters.” British Journal of Aesthetics 40.2, 209–24.
  • Lamarque, Peter (1981). “How Can We Fear and Pity Fictions?” British Journal of Aesthetics 21.4, 291–304.
  • Levine, Michael (2000). “Lucky in Love: Love and Emotion.” In The Analytic Freud: Philosophy and Psychoanalysis. London and New York, Routledge, 231–58.
  • Livingston, Paisley, & Carl Plantinga, eds. (2008). The Routledge Companion to Philosophy and Film. London: Routledge.
  • Matravers, Derek (1997). “The Paradox of Fiction: The Report versus the Perceptual Model.” In Mette Hjort & Sue Laver, eds., Emotion and the Arts, 78–92.
  • Miller, Toby, & Robert Stam, eds., (2003). A Companion to Film Theory. Blackwell Reference Online. www.blackwellreference.com.
  • Moran, R. (1994). “The Expression of Feeling in Imagination.” Philosophical
  • Review 103.1, 75–106.
  • Mulvey, Laura (1993 [1975]). “Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema.” Screen 10.3, 6–18. Reprinted in Anthony Easthope, ed., Contemporary Film Theory. London: Longman, 111–24.
  • Neil, Alex (1991). “Fear, Fiction and Make Believe.” Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 49, 48–56.
  • Novitz, D. (1987). Knowledge, Fiction and Imagination. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
  • Plantinga, Carl (1997). “Notes on Spectator Emotion and Ideological Film Criticism.” In P. Allen & M. Smith, eds., Film Theory and Philosophy, 372–93.
  • Radford, C. (1975). “How Can We Be Moved by the Fate of Anna Karenina?” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplemental Vol. 49, 67–80.
  • Radford, C. (1977). “Tears and Fiction.” Philosophy 52, 208–213.
  • Rorty, A. O. (1980). “Explaining Emotions.” In. A. O. Rorty, ed., Explaining Emotions Berkeley: University of California Press, 103–26.
  • Säätelä, S. (1994). “Fiction, Make-Believe and Quasi Emotions.” British Journal of Aesthetics 34, 25–34.
  • Schaper, E. (1978). “Fiction and the Suspension of Disbelief.” British Journal of Aesthetics 18, 31–44.
  • Smith, Murray (1995a). Engaging Characters: Fiction, Emotion, and the Cinema. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 40–69.
  • Smith, Murray (1995b). “Film Spectatorship and the Institution of Fiction.” Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 53, 1–13.
  • Turvey, M. (1997). “Seeing Theory: On Perception and Emotional Response in Current Film Theory.” In R. Allen & M. Smith, eds., Film Theory and Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 431–57.
  • Walton, Kendall (1978). “Fearing Fictions.” Journal of Philosophy 75, 5–27.
  • Walton, Kendall (1997). “Spelunking, Simulation, and Slime: On Being Moved by Fiction.” In Mette Hjort & Sue Laver, eds., Emotion and the Arts, 37–49.

الفصل الثالث: الحقيقة والوهم في فيلم «استعادة كاملة»

  • Descartes, René (1996). Meditations on First Philosophy, trans. John Cottingham. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Dretske, Fred (1970). “Epistemic Operators.” Journal of Philosophy 67, 1007–23.
  • Dretske, Fred (1971). “Conclusive Reasons.” Australasian Journal of Philosophy 49, 1–22.
  • Dretske, Fred (1981). “The Pragmatic Dimension of Knowledge.” Philosophical Studies 40, 363–78.
  • Fogg, Martyn J. (1995). Terraforming: Engineering Planetary Environments. Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers.
  • Gettier, Edmund L. (1963). “Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?” Analysis 23, 121–3.
  • Klein, Peter (1981). Certainty: A Refutation of Skepticism. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
  • Kornblith, H., ed. (2001). Epistemology: Internalism and Externalism. Oxford: Blackwell.
  • Moore, G. E. (1959). Philosophical Papers. New York: Macmillan.
  • Nagel, Thomas (1986). The View from Nowhere. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Nozick, Robert (1981). Philosophical Explanations. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Putnam, Hilary (1981). Reason, Truth and History. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Steup, Matthias (1996). An Introduction to Contemporary Epistemology. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
  • Steup, Matthias, & Ernest Sosa, eds. (2005). Contemporary Debates in Epistemology. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
  • Unger, P. (1975). Ignorance: A Case for Scepticism. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

الفصل الرابع: علم الوجود و«المصفوفة»

  • Berkeley, George (1993). Philosophical Works: Including the Works on Vision, ed. Michael R. Ayers. London: Dent.
  • Churchland, Paul (1981). “Eliminative Materialism and the Propositional Attitudes.” Journal of Philosophy 78, 67–90.
  • Descartes, René (1996). Meditations on First Philosophy, trans. John Cottingham. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Haldane, J. B. S. (1930). Possible Worlds and Other Papers. London: Chatto and Windus.
  • Lawrence, Matt (2004). Like a Splinter in your Mind: The Philosophy behind the Matrix Trilogy. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
  • McGinn, Colin (1993). Problems in Philosophy: The Limits of Inquiry. Oxford: Blackwell.
  • Plato (2006). The Republic, translated and with an introduction by R. E. Allen. New Haven: Yale University Press.
  • Seager, William, & Sean Allen-Hermanson (2010). “Panpsychism.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosphy. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/panpsychism/.
  • Spinoza, Baruch (1994). The Ethics and Other Works, ed. and trans. Edwin Curley. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Van Inwagen, Peter, & Dean W. Zimmerman (1998). Metaphysics: The Big
  • Questions. Oxford: Blackwell.

الفصل الخامس: العقل هو الأساس: «ذكاء اصطناعي» ومشاعر الحب لدى الروبوت

  • Chalmers, David (1996). The Conscious Mind : In Search of a Fundamental Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Churchland, Patricia, & Paul Churchland (1990). “Could a Machine Think?” Scientific American 262.1, 32–7.
  • Cole, David (2009). “The Chinese Room Argument.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/chinese-room/.
  • Dennett, Daniel (1989). The Intentional Stance. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Dennett, Daniel (1991). Consciousness Explained. Boston, Toronto, London: Little, Brown.
  • Jackson, Frank (1982). “Epiphenomenal Qualia.” Philosophical Quarterly 32, 127–36.
  • Jackson, Frank (1986). “What Mary Didn’t Know.” Journal of Philosophy 83, 291–5.
  • Kirk, Robert (2006). “Zombies.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/zombies/.
  • Lewis, D. (1988). “What Experience Teaches.” Proceedings of the Russellian Society 13, 29–57. Reprinted in Lycan (1990).
  • Ludlow, P., Y. Nagasawa, & D. Stoljar, eds. (2005). There is Something about Mary: Essays on Phenomenal Consciousness and Frank Jackson’s Knowledge Argument. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Lycan, W. G., ed. (1990). Mind and Cognition. Oxford: Blackwell.
  • Nagel, Thomas (1979). Mortal Questions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Nida-Rümelin, Martine (2009). “Qualia: The Knowledge Argument.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/qualia-knowledge/.
  • Oppy, Graham, & David Dowe (2011). “The Turing Test.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/turing-test/.
  • Preston, J., & Bishop, M., eds. (2002). Views into the Chinese Room: New Essays on Searle and Artificial Intelligence. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Searle, John (1980). “Minds, Brains and Programs.” Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3, 417–57.
  • Searle, John (1984). Minds, Brains and Science. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Turing, Alan (1950). “Computing Machinery and Intelligence.” Mind 59, 433–60.

الفصل السادس: «جسر المطار» وحلم السفر عبر الزمن

  • Bradbury, Ray (1952). “A Sound of Thunder.” In R is for Rocket. New York: Doubleday.
  • Davies, Paul (1995). About Time: Einstein’s Unfinished Revolution. London: Penguin.
  • Davies, Paul (2002). How to Build a Time Machine. London: Penguin.
  • Dowe, Phil (2000). “The Case for Time Travel.” Philosophy 75, 441–51.
  • Gott, J. Richard (2001). Time Travel in Einstein’s Universe: The Physical Possibilities of Travel Through Time. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
  • Grey, William (1999). “Troubles with Time Travel.” Philosophy 74, 55–70.
  • Le Poidevin, Robin (2003). Travels in Four Dimensions: The Enigmas of Space and Time. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Lewis, David (1976). “The Paradoxes of Time Travel.” American Philosophical Quarterly 13, 145–52.
  • Lockwood, Michael (2005). The Labyrinth of Time: Introducing the Universe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

الفصل السابع: القدر والاختيار: فلسفة «تقرير الأقلية»

  • Campbell, C. A. (1967). In Defence of Free Will and Other Essays. London: Allen & Unwin Ltd.
  • Clarke, Randolph (2003). Libertarian Accounts of Free Will. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Clarke, Randolph (2008). “Incompatibilist (Nondeterministic) Theories of Free Will.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/incompatibilism-theories/.
  • Dennett, Daniel (1984). Elbow Room: The Varieties of Free Will Worth Having. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Fischer, John Martin (1994). The Metaphysics of Free Will. Oxford: Blackwell.
  • Fischer, John Martin (1998). Responsibility and Control. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Fischer, John Martin (1999). “Recent Work on Moral Responsibility.” Ethics 110, 93–139.
  • Fischer, John Martin (2010). “The Frankfurt Cases: The Moral of the Stories.” Philosophical Review 119, 315–36.
  • Fischer, John Martin, & Mark Ravizza (1992). “When the Will is Free.” In Timothy O’Connor, ed., Agents, Causes, and Events: Essays on Indeterminism and Free Will. New York: Oxford University Press, 239–69.
  • Frankfurt, Harry (1969). “Alternate Possibilities and Moral Responsibility.” Journal of Philosophy 66, 829–39.
  • Frankfurt, Harry (1988). The Importance of What We Care About. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Frankfurt, Harry (2003 [1982]). “Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person.” In Gary Watson, ed., Free Will. 2nd edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 81–95.
  • Honderich, Ted (1988). A Theory of Determinism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Kane, Robert (1996). The Significance of Free Will. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Nozick, Robert (1995). “Choice and Indeterminism.” In Timothy O’Connor, ed., Agents, Causes, and Events: Essays on Indeterminism and Free Will. New York: Oxford University Press, 101–14.
  • O’Connor, Timothy, ed. (1995). Agents, Causes, and Events: Essays on Indeterminism and Free Will. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • O’Connor, Timothy (2000). Persons and Causes: The Metaphysics of Free Will. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Pereboom, Derk (2001). Living Without Free Will. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Pink, Thomas (2004). Free Will: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Strawson, Galen (1986). Freedom and Belief. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Van Inwagen, Peter (1983). An Essay on Free Will. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Watson, Gary, ed. (2003). Free Will. 2nd edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Wegner, Daniel (2002). The Illusion of Conscious Will. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Widerker, David, & Michael McKenna, eds. (2002). Moral Responsibility and Alternative Possibilities. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing.

الفصل الثامن: الهوية الشخصية: دراسة فيلم «تذكار»

  • Baker, L. R. (2000). Persons and Bodies: A Constitution View. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Forrest, Peter (2010). “The Identity of Indiscernibles.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/identity-indiscernible/.
  • Lewis, David (2003). “Survival and Identity. In Raymond Martin & John Barresi, eds., Personal Identity. Oxford: Blackwell, 144–67.
  • Martin, Raymond, & John Barresi, eds. (2003). Personal Identity. Oxford: Blackwell.
  • Olsen, Eric T. (1997). The Human Animal: Personal Identity Without Psychology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Olsen, Eric T. (2002). “An Argument for Animalism.” In Raymond Martin & John Barresi, eds., Personal Identity. Oxford: Blackwell, 318–34.
  • Olsen, Eric T. (2007). What Are We? A Study in Personal Ontology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Parfit, Derek (1984). Reasons and Persons. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Parfit, Derek (2002). “The Unimportance of Identity.” In Raymond Martin & John Barresi, eds., Personal Identity. Oxford: Blackwell, 292–317.
  • Perry, John (1972). “Can the Self Divide?” Journal of Philosophy 69, 463–88.
  • Perry, John, ed. (1975). Personal Identity. Los Angeles: University of California Press.
  • Thompson, Richard F., & Stephen A. Madigan (2005). Memory: The Key to Consciousness. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Van Inwagen, Peter (1990). Material Beings. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
  • Williams, Bernard (2002). “The Self and the Future.” In Raymond Martin & John Barresi, eds., Personal Identity. Oxford: Blackwell, 75–91.

الفصل التاسع: مشهد الرعب: «ألعاب مسلية»

  • Carroll, Noël (1990). The Philosophy of Horror, or, Paradoxes of the Heart. London: Routledge.
  • Carroll, Noël (1995). “Enjoying Horror Fictions: A Reply to Gaut.” British Journal of Aesthetics 35, 67–72.
  • Clover, Carol (1992). Men, Women and Chain Saws: Gender in the Modern Horror Film. London: British Film Institute.
  • Crane, Jonathan Lake (1994). Terror and Everyday Life: Singular Moments in the History of the Horror Film. London: Sage.
  • Dworkin, Andrea (1981). Pornography: Men Possessing Women. London: The Women’s Press.
  • Freeland, Cynthia A. (1995). “Realist Horror.” In Cynthia A. Freeland & Thomas Wartenberg Philosophy and Film. New York: Routledge, 126–42.
  • Freeland, Cynthia A., & Thomas Wartenberg (1995). Philosophy and Film. New York: Routledge.
  • Freud, Sigmund (1989). Civilization and Its Discontents, trans. and ed. James Strachey. New York: Norton.
  • Gaut, Berys (1993). “The Paradox of Horror.” British Journal of Aesthetics 33, 333–45.
  • Jones, Ernest (1931). On the Nightmare. London: Hogarth Press and Institute of Psycho-Analysis.
  • Langton, Rae (1990). “Whose Right? Ronald Dworkin, Women, and Pornographers.” Philosophy and Public Affairs 19, 311–59.
  • Langton, Rae (1993). “Speech Acts and Unspeakable Acts.” Philosophy and Public Affairs 22, 293–330.
  • Prince, Stephen (1996). “Psychoanalytic Film Theory and the Problem of the Missing Spectator.” In David Bordell & Noël Carroll, eds., Post-Theory: Reconstructing Film Studies. Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press, 71–86.
  • Schneider, Steven J. (2004). Horror Film and Psychoanalysis: Freud’s Worst Nightmare. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Tudor, Anthony (1997). Why Horror? The Peculiar Pleasures of a Popular Genre.” Cultural Studies 11, 443–63.
  • West, Caroline (2003). “The Free Speech Argument Against Pornography.” Canadian Journal of Philosophy 33.3, 391–422.

الفصل العاشر: البحث عن معنًى في جميع الأماكن الخطأ: «أن تحيا» (إيكيرو)

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  • Ecclesiastes (2011 [1973]). New International Version Bible.
  • Edwards, Paul (1981). “The Meaning and Value of Life.” In E. D. Klemke, ed., The Meaning of Life. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Hikmet, Nazim (1975). Things I Didn’t Know I Loved, Selected Poems. Persea Books: New York.
  • Larkin, Philip (1974). “Sad Steps.” In High Windows. New York: Farrar, Strauss and Giroux, 32.
  • Levine, Michael P. (1988). “Camus, Hare, and The Meaning of Life,” Sophia 27, 13–30.
  • Levine, Michael P. (1988). What Does Death Have To Do With The Meaning of Life?” Religious Studies 24, 457–65.
  • Nozick, Robert (1981). “Philosophy and The Meaning of Life.” In Philosophical Explanations. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 571–650.
  • Philosophical Papers (2005). 34.3. Issue on The Meaning in Life.
  • Russell, Bertrand (1981 [1903]). “A Free Man’s Worship.” In E. D. Klemke, ed., The Meaning of Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 55–62.
  • Sartre, Jean-Paul (1957). Existentialism and Human Emotions. New York: Philosophical Library. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=59487415.
  • Spender, Stephen (1986). “What I Expected.” In Collected Poems 1928–1985. New York: Random House.
  • Taylor, Paul W. (1975). Principles of Ethics. Encino, CA: Dickenson.
  • Thomas, Dylan (1952 [1937]). “Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night.” From The Poems of Dylan Thomas. New York: New Directions.
  • Thoreau, Henry David (2004 [1854]). Walden and Other Writings, edited with an introduction by Joseph Wood Krutch. Bantam: New York,.
  • Wartenberg, Thomas (2007). Thinking on Screen: Film as Philosophy. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
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الفصل الحادي عشر: «جرائم وجنح» وهشاشة الدافع الأخلاقي

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الفصل الثاني عشر: «حياة الآخرين»: الحظ الأخلاقي والندم

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الفصل الثالث عشر: «فارس الظلام»: باتمان وأخلاق الواجب والنظرية العواقبية

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الفصل الرابع عشر: طفولة خطرة: «الوعد» واحتمالية الفضيلة

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