قراءات إضافية

مقدمة

  • The best overviews are Krishan Kumar, Utopia and Anti-Utopia in Modern Times (Oxford: Blackwell, 1987); Frank E.Manuel and Fritzie P. Manuel, Utopian Thought in the Western World (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University, 1979); and Roland Schaer, Gregory Claeys, and Lyman Tower Sargent (eds.), Utopia: The Search for the Ideal Society in the Western World (New York: The New York Public Library/Oxford University Press, 2000).

الفصل الأول

  • The best overview of classical utopianism is John Ferguson, Utopias of the Classical World (London: Thames and Hudson, 1975).
  • There is very little on the Middle Ages, but see F. Graus, ‘Social Utopias in the Middle Ages’, tr. Bernard Standring, Past and Present, 38 (December 1967): 3–19; and Norman Cohn, The Pursuit of the Millennium (London: Secker and Warburg, 1957).
  • The best books on the 16th and 17th centuries are J. C. Davis, Utopia and the Ideal Society: A Study of English Utopian Writing 1516–1700 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981); and Miriam Eliav-Feldon, Realistic Utopias: The Ideal Imaginary Societies of the Renaissance, 1516–1630 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1982).
  • On National Socialist utopias, see Jost Hermand, Old Dreams of a New Reich: Volkish Utopias and National Socialism, tr. Paul Levesque in collaboration with Stefan Soldovieri (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1992).

الفصل الثاني

  • The closest there is to a general overview is Donald E. Pitzer (ed.), America’s Communal Utopias (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1997).
  • On the kibbutz, see Henry Near, The Kibbutz Movement: A History, 2 vols (Oxford: Oxford University Press/The Littman Library of Jewish Civilization, 1992–7).
  • For contemporary eco-villages, see Jan Martin Bang, Ecovillages: A Practical Guide to Sustainable Communities (Edinburgh: Floris Books and Gabriola Island, BC, Canada: New Society Publishers, 2005); Barbro Grindheim and Declan Kennedy (eds.), Directory of Eco-Villages in Europe (Steyerberg: Global Eco-Village Network (GEN) Europe, 1998); and Barbara Knudsen (ed.), Eco-Villages and Communities in Australia and New Zealand (Maleny, Queensland: Global Eco-Village Network (GEN) Oceania/Asia, 2000).
  • On co-housing, see Kathryn McCamant and Charles Durrett, Cohousing: A Contemporary Approach to Housing Ourselves, 2nd edn. with Ellen Hertzman (Berkeley, CA: Ten Speed Press, 1994).
  • On therapeutic communities, see Association of Therapeutic Communities—http://www.therapeuticcommunities.org accessed 10 May 2010.
  • On the utopian socialists, see Keith Taylor, The Political Ideas of the Utopian Socialists (London: Frank Cass, 1982).

الفصل الثالث

  • On settler utopianism, see James Belich, ‘Settler Utopianism?: English Ideologies of Emigration, 1815–1880’, in Liberty, Authority, Formality: Political Ideas and Culture, 1600–1900, Essays in Honour of Colin Davis, ed. John Morrow and Jonathan Scott (Exeter: Imprint-Academic, 2008), 213–34; and Lyman Tower Sargent, ‘Colonial and Post-Colonial Utopias’, forthcoming in The Cambridge Companion to Utopian Literature, ed. Gregory Claeys (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).
  • On utopianism in early America, see Lyman Tower Sargent, ‘Utopianism in Colonial America’, History of Political Thought, 4.3 (Winter 1983): 483–522.
  • On More’s influence in Spanish America, see Silvio Zavala, Sir Thomas More in New Spain: A Utopian Adventure of the Renaissance (London: The Hispanic and Luso-Brazilian Councils, 1955).
  • On Bartolomé de las Casas, see Victor N. Baptiste, Bartolomé de las Casas and Thomas More’s ‘Utopia’: Connections and Similarities, A Translation and Study (Culver City, CA: Labyrinthos, 1990), which includes a translation of Memorial de Remedios para las Indias/Memorial of Remedies for the Indies.
  • On Vasco de Quiroga, see Fintan B. Warren, Vasco de Quiroga and His Pueblo-Hospitals of Santa Fe (Washington, DC: Academy of American Franciscan History, 1963).
  • On the Jesuit ‘reductions’, see Stelio Cro, ‘From More’s Utopia to the Jesuit Reducciones in Paraguay’, Moreana, 42.164 (December 2005): 92–117.
  • On the eijdos at their peak, see Henrik F. Infield and Koka Freier, People in Ejidos: A Visit to the Cooperative Farms of Mexico (New York: Praeger, 1954).
  • On garden cities, Robert Beevers, The Garden City Utopia: A Critical Biography of Ebenezer Howard (New York: St Martin’s Press, 1988); Stanley Buder, Visionaries and Planners: The Garden City Movement and the Modern Community (New York: Oxford University Press, 1990); Robert Freestone, Model Communities: The Garden City Movement in Australia (Melbourne: Thomas Nelson Australia, 1989); and Stephen V. Ward (ed.), The Garden City: Past, Present and Future (London: Spon, 1992).

الفصل الرابع

  • The only overviews of the material in this chapter are a forthcoming essay by Jacqueline Dutton in The Cambridge Companion to Utopian Literature, ed. Gregory Claeys (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press); and Zhang Longxi, ‘The Utopian Vision, East and West’, Utopian Studies, 13.1 (2002): 1–20 (revised in ‘The Utopian Vision, East and West’, Thinking Utopia: Steps into Other Worlds, ed. Jörn Rüsen, Michael Fehr, and Thomas W. Rieger (New York: Berghahn Books, 2005), 207–29), which is primarily concerned with China.
  • On Chinese utopianism, see Wolfgang Bauer, China and the Search for Happiness: Recurring Themes in Four Thousand Years of Chinese Cultural History, tr. Michael Shaw (New York: Seabury Press, 1976); Koon-ki T. Ho, ‘Several Thousand Years in Search of Happiness: The Utopian Tradition in China’, Oriens Extremus (Germany), 30 (1983–6): 19–35; and Ho, ‘Utopianism: A Unique Theme in Western Literature? A Short Survey of Chinese Utopianism’, Tamkang Review, 13.1 (Autumn 1982): 87–108.
  • On the Gandhian utopia, see Richard G. Fox, Gandhian Utopia: Experiments with Culture (Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 1989).

الفصل الخامس

  • While there are many specialist articles, there are few that discuss Christian utopianism generally.
  • On the millennium, see Kenelm Burridge, New Heaven, New Earth: A Study of Millenarian Activities (Oxford: Blackwell, 1969).
  • On heaven and hell, see Colleen McDannell and Bernhard Lang, Heaven: A History (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1988); and Alice K. Turner, The History of Hell (New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1993).
  • On monasticism, see George A. Hillery, Jr, and Paula C. Morrow, ‘The Monastery as a Commune’, International Review of Modern Sociology, 6.1 (Spring 1976): 139–54 (reprinted as only by Hillery in Communes: Historical and Contemporary, ed. Ruth Shonle Cavan and Man Singh Das (New Delhi, India: Vikas Publishing House, 1979), 152–69).
  • On Jewish utopianism, see Michael Higger, The Jewish Utopia (Baltimore: The Lord Baltimore Press, 1932).

الفصل السادس

  • At the time of writing, there is no general study of the role utopianism plays in political theory.

الفصل السابع

  • The best introduction to ideology is Michael Freeden, Ideology: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003).

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