مراجع

الفصل الأول

Nirad Chaudhuri, Hinduism: A Religion to Live By (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1979), 311–29.

الفصل الثاني

R. K. Narayan, Gods, Demons and Others (London: Mandarin, 1990), 2–4; Rig Veda 1.1 in Wendy Doniger O’Flaherty, Textual Sources for the Study of Hinduism (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1988), 6; Manusmriti 2.11 in Wendy Doniger O’Flaherty (ed.), The Laws of Manu—The Laws of Manu is another name for the Manusmriti—(Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1991); Brian K. Smith, Reflections on Resemblance, Ritual, and Religion (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989), 13–17; Rig Veda 10.90 in Embree, Sources of Indian Tradition, 17–19; R. K. Narayan, The Guide (London: Mandarin, 1990).

الفصل الثالث

The Internet address for Hinduism Today is: http://www.HinduismToday.kauai.hi.us/ashram/htoday.html. Upanisads (tr. Patrick Olivelle, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996), 154-5; The Complete Works of Vivekananda, vol. viii (Calcutta: Advaita Ashrama, 1970), 101; The Bhagavad Gita 2.24 (tr. W. J. Johnson, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994), 9; The Bhagavad Gita 3.4, Johnson, 15; The Bhagavad Gita on practice of yogin: Johnson, 28; Patanjali on yoga sutra: Vivian Worthington, A History of Yoga (London: Arkana, 1989), 69–78; Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Gita Rahasya (Poona, 1935); Mahatma Gandhi on karma yoga: Mahadev Desai, The Gita According to Gandhi (Ahmedabad: Navajivan, 1946); Sharma, Hinduism for Our Times (Oxford and Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1996), 36–46; The Bhagavad Gita, Johnson, 7–13; Sharma, Hinduism for Our Times, 42.

الفصل الرابع

Madhur Jaffrey, Seasons of Splendour: Tales, Myths and Legends of India (London: Pavilion Books, 1985), 8; Debjani Chatterjee, I was that Woman (Frome: Hippopotamus Press, 1989), 23-4.

الفصل الخامس

Pierre Martin in P. J. Marshall, The British Discovery of Hinduism in the Eighteenth Century (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970), 21; Henry Martyn in George Smith, The Life of Henry Martin (London, 1892), 163; Upanisads, Olivelle, 46.

الفصل السادس

Kabir, ‘Warnings’ (tr. Daniel Gold), in O’Flaherty, Textual Sources, 140-1; Kabir, ‘The World is Mad’ (tr. Linda Hess and Sukdev Singh), in Ainslee T. Embree, Sources of Indian Tradition, vol. i, 2nd edn. (New York: Columbia University Press, 1988), 375; Warren Hastings in Marshall, The British Discovery of Hinduism in the Eighteenth Century, 189; Abbé Dubois, Hindu Manners, Customs, and Ceremonies, 3rd edn. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1906), 8; Walt Whitman, Leaves of Grass (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990); Agehananda Bharati, ‘The Hindu Renaissance and its Apologetic Patterns’, Journal of Asian Studies (29, 1970), 273.

الفصل السابع

Chandalas as ‘dog-cookers’ in The Laws of Manu 10.108, O’Flaherty; high caste women in The Laws of Manu 5.146–69, O’Flaherty; Sarojini Naidu in Manohar Kaur, Role of Women in the Freedom Movement, 1857–1947 (Delhi: Sterling, 1968), 111; women’s prayer in Laxmi G. Tiwari, A Splendour of Worship: Women’s Fasts, Rituals, Stories and Art (Delhi: Manohar, 1991), 8; B. K. Ambedkar (tr. Vasant W. Moon) in Barbara R. Joshi (ed.), Untouchable: Voices of the Dalit Liberation Movement (London: Zed Books, 1984), 30-1; Neerav Patel, ‘Burning at Both the Ends’, in Joshi, Untouchable, 42.

الفصل الثامن

Richard Burghart (ed.), Hinduism in Great Britain: The Perpetuation of Religion in an Alien Cultural Milieu (London: Tavistock, 1987), 1-2; David Barrett (ed.), World Christian Encyclopedia (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982), passim.

الفصل التاسع

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, The Hindu View of Life (London: Mandala, 1988), 55.

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