قراءات إضافية

Only English-language secondary literature on German philosophy is cited here. The basic primary texts are those discussed in each chapter: a general list would be too extensive to be useful.

مراجع عامة

  • A. Bowie, From Romanticism to Critical Theory: The Philosophy of German Literary Theory (London: Routledge, 1997). Presentation of ideas concerning literature and truth from Kant and the Romantics to the Frankfurt School.
  • A. Bowie, Aesthetics and Subjectivity: From Kant to Nietzsche, 2nd edn. (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2003). Considers the central role of aesthetics in the development of German philosophy.
  • A. Bowie, Introduction to German Philosophy: From Kant to Habermas (Cambridge: Polity, 2003). More extensive account of the issues covered in this book.
  • P. Gorner, Twentieth Century German Philosophy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000). Examination of Husserl, Heidegger, Gadamer, Habermas, and Apel.
  • J. Habermas, The Philosophical Discourse of Modernity (Cambridge: Polity, 1987). Critical overview of modern philosophy by leading German philosopher.
  • A. O’Hear (ed.), German Philosophy After Kant (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999). Essays on individual philosophers and on central themes in German philosophy.
  • T. Pinkard, German Philosophy 1760–1860: The Legacy of Idealism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002). Account of connections between philosophy and history in the period in question.
  • H. Schnädelbach, Philosophy in Germany 1831–1933 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984). Account which includes much material on lesser-known academic philosophers.

الفصل الأول

  • H. E. Allison, Kant’s Transcendental Idealism (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1983). Defence of Kant’s contentions in the Critique of Pure Reason.
  • K. Ameriks, Interpreting Kant’s Critiques (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2003). Essays on new approaches to the interpretation of Kant.
  • E. Cassirer, Kant’s Life and Thought (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1982). Biographical and philosophical account of Kant by neo-Kantian philosopher.
  • S. Gardner, Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Kant and the Critique of Pure Reason (London: Routledge, 1999). Detailed introductory account of the first Critique.
  • R. Scruton, Kant: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001). General introduction to Kant.
  • P. F. Strawson, The Bounds of Sense: An Essay on Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason (London: Routledge, 1966). Influential analytical account of Kant, which is not reliable in its interpretations of some key issues.

الفصل الثاني

  • H. Adler and W. Koepke, A Companion to the Works of Johann Gottfried Herder (Columbia, SC: Camden House, 2009). Essays on the main aspects of Herder’s work.
  • I. Berlin, The Magus of the North: J. G. Hamann and the Origins of Modern Irrationalism (London: John Murray, 1993). Readable, but unreliable, interpretation of Hamann.
  • T. German, Hamann on Language and Religion (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1981). Account by Hamann scholar.
  • J. H. Zammito, Kant, Herder, and the Birth of Anthropology (Chicago, IL: Chicago University Press, 2001). Contextualization of the thought of Kant and Herder in relation to often ignored issues.

الفصل الثالث

  • K. Ameriks (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to German Idealism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000). Essays on the main themes and figures in German Idealism.
  • F. C. Beiser, Hegel (London: Routledge, 2005). Accessible and scholarly introduction.
  • F. C. Beiser, The Fate of Reason: German Philosophy from Kant to Fichte (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1987). Study of the immediate reactions to Kant, dealing with many unjustly ignored philosophers.
  • A. Bowie, Schelling and Modern European Philosophy (London: Routledge, 1993). Schelling considered as a major thinker in his own right, rather than as a prelude to Hegel.
  • F. Neuhouser, Fichte’s Theory of Subjectivity (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989). Lucid analytical account of Fichte’s arguments.
  • R. B. Pippin, Idealism as Modernism: Hegelian Variations (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997). Philosophical essays based on the most productive contemporary interpretation of Hegel.
  • C. Taylor, Hegel (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975). Influential traditional account of Hegel’s philosophy.
  • S. Žižek, The Indivisible Remainder: On Schelling and Related Matters (London: Verso, 2007). Relates Schelling to Žižek’s concerns deriving from Hegel and Lacan.

الفصل الرابع

  • F. C. Beiser, The Romantic Imperative: The Concept of Early German Romanticism (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2006). Scholarly but interpretatively questionable account of Romantic philosophy.
  • M. Frank, The Philosophical Foundations of Early German Romanticism (Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 2008). Reliable account by the leading scholar of early Romantic philosophy.
  • N. Saul, Cambridge Companion to German Romanticism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009). Essays on the various philosophical and other dimensions of German Romanticism.

الفصل الخامس

  • W. Breckman, Marx, the Young Hegelians, and the Origins of Radical Social Theory (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999). Historical reinterpretation of the thought of the Young Hegelians.
  • T. Eagleton, Marx (London: Routledge, 1999). Assessment of Marx’s philosophy from a contemporary perspective.
  • J. Elster, An Introduction to Karl Marx (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986). Analytical account of Marx.
  • J. Habermas, Knowledge and Human Interests (Cambridge: Polity, 1986). Situates Marx in a wider context of critical social theory.
  • K. Korsch, Marxism and Philosophy (London: Pluto, 1970). Influential text by leading Marxist which helped change the image of Marx’s philosophy in the 1920s.
  • A. Schmidt, The Concept of Nature in Marx (New York: Schocken, 1978). Account of Marx’s approaches to the question of nature.

الفصل السادس

  • A. Bowie, Music, Philosophy, and Modernity (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007). Examines the importance of music for Nietzsche and other modern philosophers.
  • M. Clark, Nietzsche on Truth and Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991). Analytical account of Nietzsche.
  • G. Deleuze, Nietzsche and Philosophy (London: Athlone, 1985). Study by major French philosopher.
  • C. Janaway, Schopenhauer: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002). Accessible historical and philosophical account of Schopenhauer.
  • W. Kaufmann, Nietzsche: Philosopher, Psychologist, Antichrist (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1974). Clear, if uncritical, presentation of Nietzsche’s ideas.
  • B. Magnus and K. M. Higgins (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Nietzsche (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996). Collection of essays on major themes.
  • A. Nehamas, Nietzsche: Life as Literature (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987). Reinterpretation of the significance of Nietzsche.
  • R. Schacht, Nietzsche (London: Routledge, 1985). Reliable work on major themes in Nietzsche.

الفصل السابع

  • D. Bell, Husserl (London: Routledge, 1990). Analytical account of Husserl.
  • J. A. Coffa, The Semantic Tradition from Kant to Carnap (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991). Historical account of the sources and early development of analytical philosophy.
  • M. Friedman, Reconsidering Logical Positivism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999). Reinterpretations of the work of the Vienna Circle.
  • M. Friedman, A Parting of the Ways: Carnap, Cassirer, and Heidegger (Chicago, IL: Open Court, 2000). Philosophical and historical account of the contrasting analytical, neo-Kantian, and phenomenological tendencies of German philosophy.
  • H. Sluga, Gottlob Frege (London: Routledge, 1980). Historically informed study of the work of Frege.
  • B. Smith and D. Woodruff Smith (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Husserl (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995). Volume of essays on many aspects of Husserl’s work.

الفصل الثامن

  • H. L. Dreyfus, Being-in-the-World: A Commentary on Heidegger’s “Being and Time,” Division I (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1991). Commentary on Heidegger’s most influential work.
  • M. Inwood, Heidegger: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000). The best initial point of access to Heidegger.
  • C. Lafont, Heidegger, Language, and World-Disclosure (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000). Critical account of Heidegger on language.
  • S. Mulhall, Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Heidegger and Being and Time (London: Routledge, 1996). Detailed introduction to Being and Time.
  • R. Safranski, Martin Heidegger: Between Good and Evil (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1998). Intellectual and philosophical biography of Heidegger.

الفصل التاسع

  • S. Benhabib, Critique, Norm and Utopia: A Study of the Foundations of Critical Theory (New York: Columbia University Press, 1986). Philosophical study of Critical Theory.
  • R. Bernstein (ed.), Habermas and Modernity (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1985). Collection of critical essays.
  • P. Connerton, The Tragedy of Enlightenment: An Essay on the Frankfurt School (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980). Study of core ideas in Critical Theory.
  • P. Dews (ed.), Habermas: A Critical Reader (Oxford: Blackwell, 1999). Collection of critical essays that approach Habermas from less familiar angles.
  • D. Ferris, The Cambridge Companion to Walter Benjamin (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004). Essays on aspects of Benjamin’s thought.
  • R. Geuss, The Idea of a Critical Theory (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981). Examination of the possibility of a ‘Critical Theory’.
  • D. Held, Introduction to Critical Theory: Horkheimer to Habermas (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1980). Historical and theoretical account of Critical Theory.
  • R. Holub, Jürgen Habermas (London: Routledge, 1991). Study of Habermas as social critic.
  • M. Jay, The Dialectical Imagination: A History of the Frankfurt School and the Institute of Social Research, 1923–1950 (Boston, MA: Little, Brown, 1973). Historical study of the development of the Frankfurt School.
  • G. Rose, The Melancholy Science: An Introduction to the Thought of Theodor W. Adorno (London: Macmillan, 1978). Study of Adorno’s work.
  • G. Warnke, Gadamer: Hermeneutics, Tradition and Reason (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1987). Account of the major aspects of Gadamer’s work.

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