ملاحظات

مقدمة

(1)
O’Connor, Sarah. ‘‘Iceland Calls in Women Bankers to Clean Up ‘Young Men’s Mess,’’’ Financial Times, Oct. 14, 2008. http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/6107e59c-9988-11dd-9d48-000077b07658.html#axzz1gQtr7LMQ.
(2)
Lagarde, Christine. ‘‘Women, Power, and the Challenge of the Financial Crisis.’’ New York Times, May 11, 2010. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/11/opinion/11iht-edlagarde.html.
(3)
‘‘Women: A Work Never Done,’’ The Economist Online, Mar. 8, 2011. http://www.economist.com/blogs/dailychart/2011/03/women.
(4)
‘‘The lion kings?’’ The Economist Online, Jan. 6, 2011. http://www.economist.com/node/17853324.
(5)
Lawson, Sandra, and Goldman Sachs. ‘‘Women Hold Up Half the Sky.’’ Global Economics Paper No: 164, Mar. 4, 2008.
(6)
Summers, Lawrence H., and World Bank. ‘‘Investing in All the People: Educating Women in Developing Countries.’’ EDI Seminar Paper No. 45, 1994.
(7)
Kent, Muhtar. ‘‘Who Will Drive the 21st Century Agenda? Women,’’ Coca-Cola Company. http://www.thecoca-colacompany.com/dynamic/leadershipviewpoints/2010/10/women-key-to-global-economic-growth-kent-tells-yale-students.html.
(8)
UNESCAP. ‘‘Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific 2007: Surging Ahead in Uncertain Times,’’ 2007, (103). http://www.unescap.org/survey2007/download/01_Survey_2007.pdf.
(9)
UNICEF. ‘‘The State of the World’s Children 2011.’’ Chapter 4: Investing in Adolescents. (74) http://www.unicef.org/sowc2011/pdfs/SOWC-2011-Main%20Report-chapter%204_12082010.pdf.
(10)
‘‘The importance of sex.’’ The Economist, Apr 12th, 2006. http://www.economist.com/node/6800723.
(11)
United Nations Development Fund for Women, ‘‘Investing in Women-Solving the Poverty Puzzle.’’ 2007. www.womenfightpoverty.org/docs/WorldPovertyDay2007_FactsAndFigures.pdf.
(12)
Rampell, Catherine. ‘‘Women Now a Majority in American Workplaces.’’ The New York Times. Feb. 5, 2010. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/06/business/economy/06women.html.
(13)
World Bank. ‘‘Gender Action Plan: Gender Equality as Smart Economics.’’ 2011. http://www.web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTGENDER/0,,contentMDK:21983335∼pagePK:210058∼piPK:210062∼theSitePK:336868,00.html.
(14)
White House. ‘‘United States National Action Plan on Women, Peace, and Security,’’ Dec. 2011. http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/email-files/US_National_Action_Plan_on_Women_Peace_and_Security.pdf.
(15)
Benschop, Marjolein. ‘‘Women’s Rights to Land and Property,’’ Commission on Sustainable Development, Apr. 2004. http://www.unhabitat.org/downloads/docs/1556_72513_CSDWomen.pdf.
(16)
Women’s Economic Opportunity Index (New York: Economist Intelligence Unit Limited, 2010), 23.
Women’s Economic Opportunity Index (New York: Economist Intelligence Unit Limited, 2010), 23-24.
Women’s Economic Opportunities in the Formal Private Sector in Latin America and the Caribbean (Washington DC: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank, 2010), 11.
Rama Ramaswami et al., Scaling up: Why Women-owned Businesses Can Recharge the Global Economy (EYGM Limited, 2009), 14.
Martin Valdivia, ‘‘Training or Technical Assistance? A Field Experiment to Learn What Works to Increase Managerial Capital for Female Microentrepreneurs.’’ (Paper presented at the World Bank Conference on Female Entrepreneurship, Washington, DC, April 6, 2011), 47.
Kirrin Gill, et al., Bridging the Gender Divide: How Technology Can Advance Women Economically (Washington DC: The International Center for Research on Women, 2010), 2.
Kirrin Gill, et al., Bridging the Gender Divide: How Technology Can Advance Women Economically (Washington DC: The International Center for Research on Women, 2010), 3.
Women’s Economic Opportunities in the Formal Private Sector in Latin America and the Caribbean (Washington DC: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank, 2010), 11.
Sarah Gammage, et al., Enhancing Women’s Access to Markets: An Overview of Donor Programs and Best Practices (Washington DC: USAID, 2005), 11.
Enhancing Women’s Market Access and Promoting Pro-poor Growth, in Promoting Pro-Poor Growth: Private Sector Development (Paris: OECD, 2006), 67.
Donna J. Kelley, et al., Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2010 Report: Women Entrepreneurs Worldwide (Babson College and the Global Entrepreneurship Research Association, 2011), 42.
Donna J. Kelley, et al., Global Entrepreneur Monitor 2010 Report: Women Entrepreneurs Worldwide (Babson College and the Global Entrepreneurship Research Association, 2011), 29.
Donna J. Kelley, et al., Global Entrepreneur Monitor 2010 Report: Women Entrepreneurs Worldwide (Babson College and the Global Entrepreneurship Research Association, 2011), 43.
Claudia Piras, ‘‘Chile Emprendedoras: Promoting Women in Dynamic Business,’’ Presentation at the World Bank Conference on Female Entrepreneurship, Washington, DC, April 6, 2011.
Women’s Economic Opportunities in the Formal Private Sector in Latin America and the Caribbean (Washington DC: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank, 2010), 36-37.
Elaine Allen, et al., Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2007 Report on Women and Entrepreneurship (Babson College and the Global Entrepreneurship Research Association, 2007), 9.
Women, Business and the Law: Measuring Legal Gender Parity for Entrepreneurs and Workers in 128 Economies (Washington DC: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank, 2010), 5 and 8.
(17)
Katz, Jonathan. ‘‘The Business Case for Supply Chain Diversity.’’ Industry Week. Nov. 16, 2011. http://www.industryweek.com/articles/the_business_case_for_supply_chain_diversity_26010.aspx?ShowAll=1.
(18)
Economist Intelligence Unit, Women’s Economic Opportunity Index, 2010, page 13.
(19)
Bachelet, Michelle. ‘‘A Comprehensive Policy Agenda to End Violence Against Women: Prevention, Protection and Provision of Services Key.’’ UN Women. Nov. 22, 2011. http://www.unwomen.org/2011/11/a-comprehensive-policy-agenda-to-end-violence-against-women/.
(20)
United Nations Development Fund for Women. ‘‘Violence Against Women—Facts and Figures,’’ Nov. 2007. http://www.unifem.org/attachments/gender_issues/violence_against_women/facts_figures_violence_against_women_2007.pdf.
(21)
United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women. ‘‘2011-2012 Progress of the World’s Women: In Pursuit of Justice.’’ http://progress.unwomen.org/pdfs/EN-Report-Progress.pdf.

الفصل الأول: قوة دافعة أم شعور بالواجب؟

(1)
US Department of State. ‘‘Background Note: Burma.’’ Aug. 3, 2011. http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/35910.htm.
(2)
US Department of State. ‘‘Background Note: Burma.’’ Aug. 3, 2011. http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/35910.htm.
(3)
Sejersted, Francis. ‘‘Award Ceremony Speech.’’ Nobel Prize. 1991. http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1991/presentation-speech.html?print=1.
(4)
‘‘Gendercide: The War on Baby Girls.’’ The Economist. March 4, 2010. Accessed August 15, 2011. http://www.economist.com/node/15606229?story_id=15606229&source=most_commented. ‘‘Tens of Millions of ‘Missing’ Girls.’’ CNN. September 5, 2010. Accessed August 18, 2011. http://www.articles.cnn.com/2010-09-05/opinion/wudunn.women.oppression_1_baby-girls-sheryl-wudunn-girls-in-many-countries?_s=PM:OPINION.
(5)
‘‘Hillary Clinton Urged to Skip China; Dole, Lugar Say Trip to Women’s Conference Would Not Help U.S.’’ Washington Post, Aug. 21, 1995.
(6)
Clinton, Hillary Rodham. Living History. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2004, 298.
(7)
Inter-Parliamentary Union. ‘‘Equality in Politics: A Survey of Women and Men in Parliaments,’’ 2008, (26) http://www.ipu.org/PDF/publications/equality08-e.pdf.
(8)
Amnesty International. ‘‘Russian Federation: Nowhere to turn to: violence against women in the family.’’ Dec. 14, 2005. (1) http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/EUR46/056/2005/en/d61aeef6-d47e-11dd-8743-d305bea2b2c7/eur460562005en.pdf.
(9)
Obadina, Tunde. ‘‘Nigeria’s Economy at the Crossroads,’’ Africa Recovery 13(1), June 1999, 8. http://www.un.org/ecosocdev/geninfo/afrec/subjindx/subpdfs/131nigr.pdf.
(10)
UNICEF. ‘‘The Nigeria Situation.’’ http://www.unicef.org/nigeria/1971_2199.html.
(11)
Obadina, Tunde. ‘‘Nigeria’s Economy at the Crossroads,’’ Africa Recovery 13(1), June 1999, 8. http://www.un.org/ecosocdev/geninfo/afrec/subjindx/subpdfs/131nigr.pdf.
(12)
Ibid.
(13)
Ibid.
(14)
Ibid.
(15)
Vera, Dr. Raúl R. ‘‘Peru.’’ Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 2006. http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Coun prof/PDF%20files/Peru_English.pdf.
(16)
International Crisis Group (2008). ‘‘Somalia: To Move Beyond a Failed State.’’ Africa Report. (47). http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=5836&l=1.
(17)
United Nations Population Fund. ‘‘Country Programme Document for Somalia,’’ Executive Board of the United Nations Development Programme and of the United Nations Populations Fund, 2007. Retrieved from http://www.unfpa.org/exbrd/2008/first session/dpfpa_cpd_som_1.pdf.
(18)
UNICEF. ‘‘Eastern and Southern Africa – Child Protection Issues.’’ http://www.unicef.org/esaro/5480_child_protection.html.

الفصل الثاني: جذور راسخة في المجتمع

(1)
‘‘Researchers Warn of Impending Disaster from Mass Arsenic Poisoning,’’ Bulletin of the World Health Organization, Sept. 2000. http://www.who.int/inf-pr-2000/en/pr2000-55.html.
(2)
Healy, Ann Marie and Andrew Zolli. ‘‘Vision Statement: When Failure Looks Like Success.’’ Harvard Business Review Magazine. Apr. 1, 2011.
(3)
Ibid.
(4)
‘‘Hillary Rodham Clinton,’’ New York Times, Dec. 1, 2011. http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/people/c/hillary_rodham_clinton/index.html.
(5)
Eagly, Alice H., and Linda L. Carli. ‘‘The Female Leadership Advantage: An Evaluation of the Evidence,’’ Leadership Quarterly, 2003, 14, 807–34.
(6)
Inter-Parliamentary Union. ‘‘Equality in Politics: A Survey of Women and Men in Parliaments,’’ 2008, (16). http://www.ipu.org/PDF/publications/equality08-e.pdf.
(7)
Goleman, Daniel. ‘‘What Makes a Leader?’’ Harvard Business Review, Nov. 2011, www.hbr.org/2004/01/what-makes-a-leader/ar/pr.
(8)
Embassy of the State of Kuwait – Australia and New Zealand. ‘‘The Role of Women in Kuwait.’’ http://www.kuwaitemb-australia.com/women.html.
(9)
Eltahawy, Mona. ‘‘Kuwait rejects political rights for women.’’ The Guardian. Nov. 30, 1999. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/1999/dec/01/1.
(10)
Global Security. ‘‘Guatemala Civil War 1960–1996,’’ (3). http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/guatemala.htm.
(11)
Lonely Planet. ‘‘History: Guatemala.’’ http://www.lonelyplanet.com/guatemala/history#160740.
(12)
‘‘Timeline: Guatemala’s History of Violence’’ PBS Frontline World. http://www.pbs.org/frontlineworld/stories/guatemala704/history/timeline.html#.
(13)
U.S. Department of State: Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs. ‘‘Background Note: Cambodia.’’ Aug. 10, 2011. http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2732.htm.
(14)
Mu Sochua: MP & Human Rights Advocate. ‘‘Bio.’’ http://sochua.wordpress.com/history/biography/.
(16)
US Department of State. ‘‘Background Note: Cameroon.’’ Jan. 1, 2012. http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/26431.htm.
(17)
International Monetary Fund. ‘‘Cameroon: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper.’’ IMF Country Report No. 10/257. Aug 2010. (14-15, 41) http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/scr/2010/cr10257.pdf.
(18)
Hamano, Aya. ‘‘GDP for American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.’’ US Department of Commerce: Bureau of Economic Analysis. Sept. 2011. (42). http://www.bea.gov/scb/pdf/2011/2009%20September/0911_territories.pdf.
(19)
World Health Organization. ‘‘WHO Multi-country Study on Women’s Health and Domestic Violence against Women: Samoa.’’ 2005. http://www.who.int/gender/violence/who_multicountry_study/fact_sheets/Samoa2.pdf.
(20)
Millennium Development Goals Indicators. ‘‘Seats held by women in national parliament, percentage.’’ Aug. 29, 2011. http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/SeriesDetail.aspx?srid=557&crid=882.

الفصل الثالث: القدرة على الوصل بين مواطن الفصل

(2)
Ibid.
(3)
Aarvik, Egil. ‘‘Award Ceremony Speech,’’ Nobel Prize, Dec. 10, 1977. http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1976/press.html#.
(4)
Finch, Cristina. ‘‘No Woman, No Peace,’’Amnesty International, Dec. 19, 2011. http://www.blog.amnestyusa.org/women/no-woman-no-peace/.
(6)
Fisher, Helen. The First Sex: The Natural Talents of Women and How They Are Changing the World, New York: Random House, 1999.
(7)
Goleman, Daniel. ‘‘What Makes a Leader?’’ Harvard Business Review, Nov. 2011. www.hbr.org/2004/01/what-makes-a-leader/ar/pr.
(8)
Eagly, Alice H., Mary C. Johannesen-Schmidt, and Marloes L. van Engen. ‘‘Transformational, Transactional, and Laissez-Faire Leadership Styles: A Meta-Analysis Comparing Women and Men,’’ Psychological Bulletin 129(4), 2003, 569–91.
(9)
Burke, Sarah and Karen M. Collins. ‘‘Gender Differences in Leadership Styles and Management Skills,’’ Women In Management Review, 16(5), pp. 244–257, 2001 Rosener, J. B. ‘‘Ways Women Lead,’’ Harvard Business Review, 68,(6), 119–125, 1990 Fine, Marlene G. ‘‘Women, Collaboration, and Social Change: An Ethics Based Model of Leadership,’’ in Women and Leadership: Visions and Diverse Voices, ed. Jean Lau Chin, Betrice Lott, Joy K. Rice, and Janis Sanchez-Hucles, 177–91. Boston: Blackwell, 2008.
(10)
Summers, Chris. ‘‘Lives lost to the Troubles.’’BBC News. Jan. 28, 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/7853266.stm.
(11)
Kershner, Isabel. ‘‘Elusive Line Defines Lives in Israel and the West Bank.’’ The New York Times. Sept. 6, 2011. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/07/world/middleeast/07borders.html?pagewanted=all.
(12)
The Sixth African Development Forum. ‘‘Achieving gender equality and women’s empowerment in Africa Progress Report.’’ Nov. 19–21, 2008. (23). http://www.uneca.org/adfvi/documents/ADFVI_Progress_Report_ENG.pdf.
(13)
‘‘Women: A Work Never Done,’’ The Economist Online, Mar. 8, 2011. http://www.economist.com/blogs/dailychart/2011/03/women.
(14)
The Sixth African Development Forum. ‘‘Achieving gender equality and women’s empowerment in Africa Progress Report.’’ Nov. 19–21, 2008. (22). http://www.uneca.org/adfvi/documents/ADFVI_Progress_Report_ENG.pdf.
(15)
Coleman, Isobel. ‘‘The Better Half.’’ Foreign Affairs. Jan/Feb 2010. http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/65728/isobel-coleman/the-better-half?page=show.
(16)
Health Poverty Action. ‘‘Success Stories: Using Radio to improve health education.’’ http://www.healthpovertyaction.org/where-we-work/africa/rwanda/radio/.

الفصل الرابع: أفكار جريئة وأفعال جسورة

(1)
Gbowee, Leymah. ‘‘Nobel Lecture,’’ Nobel Prize, Dec. 10, 2011. http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2011/gbowee-lecture_en.html.
(2)
Sirleaf, Ellen Johnson. ‘‘Nobel Lecture,’’ Nobel Prize, Dec. 10, 2011. http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2011/johnson_sirleaf-lecture_en.html.
(3)
U.S. Department of State, Bureau of African Affairs. ‘‘Background Note: Liberia,’’ Nov. 22, 2011. http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/6618.htm.
(4)
Karman, Tawakkol. ‘‘Nobel Lecture,’’ Nobel Prize, Dec. 10, 2011. http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2011/karman-lecture_en.html.
(5)
Maxfield, Sylvia, Mary Shapiro, Vipin Gupta, and Susan Hass. ‘‘Gender and Risk: Women, Risk Taking and Risk Aversion,’’ Gender in Management: An International Journal 25(7), 2010, 586–604.
(6)
U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs. ”Background Note: Argentina,” Mar. 12, 2012. http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/26516.htm.
(7)
BBC News. ‘‘Argentine Mothers Mark 30 Years.’’ Apr. 30, 2007. http:/news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/6608871.stm.
(8)
Boustany, Nora. ‘‘As Ukraine Watched the Party Line, She Took the Truth into Her Hands,’’ Washington Post, Apr. 29, 2005. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/04/28/AR2005042801696.html.
(9)
Ibid.
(10)
National Democratic Institute. ‘‘Campaign Schools Prepare Egyptian Women to Run for Office.’’ Sept. 29, 2011. http://www.ndi.org/campaign-schools-Egypt.
(11)
Ryan, Michelle K., and S. Alexander Haslam. ‘‘The Glass Cliff: Evidence That Women Are Over-Represented in Precarious Leadership Positions,’’ British Journal of Management, 16, 81–90, 2005.
(12)
Mather, Mara, Nicole R. Lighthall, Lin Nga, and Marissa A. Gorlick. ‘‘Sex Differences in How Stress Affects Brain Activity During Face Viewing,’’ Neuroreport 21(14), 2010, 933–37. Accessed Aug. 15, 2011, doi:10.1097/WNR.0b013e32833ddd92.
(13)
Hossain, Dr. Naomi, and Dr. Celestine Nyamu Musembi. ‘‘Corruption, Accountability and Gender: Understanding the Connections.’’ United Nations Development Fund for Women. 2010.
(14)
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (Footnote.) ‘‘Understanding Intimate Partner Violence,’’ 2012. http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/pdf/IPV_Factsheet-a.pdf.
(15)
U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs. ‘‘Background Note: Argentina,’’ Mar. 12, 2012. http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/26516.htm.
(16)
Anderson, Lisa. ‘‘TRUSTLAW POLL—Afghanistan Is Most Dangerous Country for Women.’’ TrustLaw Women, Jun. 15, 2011. http://www.trust.org/trustlaw/news/trustlaw-poll-afghanistan-is-most-dangerous-country-for-women.
(17)
International Rescue Committee. ‘‘Measuring Mortality in the Democratic Republic of Congo.’’ http://www.rescue.org/sites/default/files/resource-file/IRC_DRCMortalityFacts.pdf.
(18)
‘‘DR Congo Mass Rape Verdicts Send Strong Signal to Perpetrators—UN envoy,’’ UN News Centre, Feb. 21, 2011, http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=37580&Cr=sexual.

الفصل الخامس: رد الجميل

(1)
Fisher, Helen E. ‘‘The Natural Leadership Talents of Women.’’ In Enlightened Power: How Women Are Transforming the Practice of Leadership, edited by Linda Coughlin, Ellen Wingard, and Keith Hollihan, 133–40. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2005.
(2)
USAID: Swaziland. ‘‘HIV/AIDS Health Profile,’’ Oct. 2010. http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/global_health/aids/Countries/africa/swaziland_profile.pdf.
(3)
USAID: Swaziland. ‘‘HIV/AIDS Health Profile,’’ Oct. 2010. http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/global_health/aids/Countries/africa/swaziland_profile.pdf.
(4)
Burt, Ronald S. ‘‘The Network Structure of Social Capital.’’ Research in Organizational Behavior. Volume 22, (345–423) 2000. http://www.jaylee.business.ku.edu/MGMT%20916/PDF/The%20Net work%20Structure%20of%20Social%20Capital.pdf.
(5)
Carter, Nancy M., Herminia Ibarra, and Christine Silva. ‘‘Why Men Still Get More Promotions than Women: Your High-Potential Females Need More than Just Well-Meaning Mentors,’’ Harvard Business Review, Sept. 2010, http://static.ow.ly/docs/HBR Why Men Still Get More Promotions Than Women_6s5.pdf.
(6)
Ragins, Belle Rose, and Terri A. Scandura. ‘‘Burden or Blessing? Expected Costs and Benefits of Being a Mentor,’’ Journal of Organizational Behavior 20(4), July 1999, 493–509.
(7)
FED became a model for women around the world and particularly in the region, where ten local Vital Voices chapters throughout the Americas have enabled the women we have served to reach thousands more women and develop leaders locally. From 2000 to 2006, Vital Voices trained and supported 2,700 women globally. Working in collaboration with our chapters, in 2010 alone we were able to train and support that same number, just in Latin America.
(8)
CIA World Factbook. ‘‘Background Note: Haiti.’’ Feb. 21, 2012. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ ha.html.
(9)
Ibid.
(10)
Nandal, Santosh. ‘‘Extent and Causes of Gender and Poverty in India: A Case Study of Rural Hayana,’’ Journal of International Women’s Studies 7(2), Nov. 2005.
(11)
UN News Centre. ‘‘Tens of millions to benefit from India’s Right to Education Act—UN agencies.’’ Apr. 3, 2010. http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?Cr=education&Cr1=&NewsID=34273.
(12)
The World Bank. ‘‘2012 World Development Report: Gender Equality and Development.’’ 2012 (152). http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDR2012/Resources/7778105-1299699968583/7786210-1315936222006/Complete-Report.pdf.

الخاتمة

(1)
Yi, Matthew. ‘‘Young Berkeley Journalists Broke Landlord Story Early.’’ SFGate. Jan. 21, 2000. http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/e/a/2000/01/21/NEWS13537.dtl.
(2)
Girls Not Brides. ‘‘Key Facts,’’ 2002. http://girlsnotbrides.org/child-marriage/.
(3)
The Elders. ‘‘Girls Not Brides—A New Global Partnership to End Child Marriage.’’ Sept. 20, 2011. http://theelders.org/he/article/girls-not-brides-new-global-partnership-end-child-marriage.

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