ملاحظات

مقدمة: السَّفر وأغراضه

(1)
Rebecca West, Black Lamb and Grey Falcon: A Journey Through Yugoslavia (New York: Penguin, 2007), 29.
(2)
Lori Brister, “Tourism in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction: Aesthetics and Advertisements in Travel Posters and Luggage Labels,” in Britain and the Narration of Travel in the Nineteenth Century: Texts, Images, Objects, ed. Kate Hill (Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2016), 130–49, 130.
(3)
Sam Todd, “Oh, the Places This Bag Has Been,” New York Times, June 11, 2017, Styles section, 3.
(4)
Paul Fussell, Abroad: British Literary Traveling Between the Wars (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1980), 167.
(5)
See Homer, The Odyssey, ed. Alan Mandelbaum (New York: Bantam, 1990).
(6)
Eric J. Leed, Mind of the Traveler: From Gilgamesh to Global Tourism (New York: Basic Books, 1991), 27.
(7)
Miguel de Cervantes, Don Quixote, tr. Edith Grossman (New York: Harper Perennial, 2005), 5.
(8)
Cervantes, Don Quixote, 27.
(9)
Eric G. E. Zuelow, A History of Modern Tourism (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016), 5–6.
(10)
Zuelow, A History of Modern Tourism, 7.
(11)
J. G. Links, “Notes on Foreign Travel,” in Bon Voyage: Designs for Travel, Deborah Sampson Shinn, J. G. Links, et al. (New York: Cooper-Hewitt Museum, 1986), 17–53, 19.
(12)
Links, “Notes on Foreign Travel,” 24.
(13)
Ibid., 53.
(14)
Zuelow, A History of Modern Tourism, 8.
(15)
Leed, “Notes on Foreign Travel,” 11.
(16)
Cindy S. Aron, Working at Play: A History of Vacations in the United States (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999), 32.
(17)
Zuelow, A History of Modern Tourism, 1.
(18)
Links, “Notes on Foreign Travel,” 30-31.
(19)
Paul Fussell, “Bourgeois Travel: Techniques and Artifacts,” in Bon Voyage: Designs for Travel, Deborah Sampson Shinn, J. G. Links, et al. (New York: Cooper-Hewitt Museum, 1986), 55–93, 55.
(20)
Links, “Notes on Foreign Travel,” 29.
(21)
Fussell, “Bourgeois Travel: Techniques and Artifacts,” 55-56.
(22)
Ibid., 56.
(23)
Ibid., 58.
(24)
Ibid., 56-57, 67.
(25)
Ibid., 78.
(26)
Kristoffer A. Garin, Devils on the Deep Blue Sea: The Dreams, Schemes, and Showdowns That Built America’s Cruise-Ship Empires (New York: Viking, 2005), 8.
(27)
Garin, Devils on the Deep Blue Sea, 13.
(28)
Ibid., 14.
(29)
Ibid.
(30)
Garin, Devils on the Deep Blue Sea, 15.
(31)
Fussell, “Bourgeois Travel: Techniques and Artifacts,” 61.
(32)
Ibid., 73
(33)
Ibid., 93.
(34)
Erin Blakemore, “Five Things To Know About Pullman Porters,” Smithsonian.com, June 30, 2016, https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/five-things-know-about-pullman-porters-180959663/.
(35)
All material from Marguerite S. Shaffer, “Seeing the Nature of America: The National Parks as National Assets, 1914–1929,” in Being Elsewhere: Tourism, Consumer Culture, and Identity in Modern Europe and North America, ed. Shelley Baranowski and Ellen Furlough (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2001), 155–84, 155.
(36)
Michael Berkowitz, “A ‘New Deal’ for Leisure: Making Mass Tourism during the Great Depression,” in Being Elsewhere: Tourism, Consumer Culture, and Identity in Modern Europe and North America, ed. Shelley Baranowski and Ellen Furlough (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2001), 185–212, 185 and 188.
(37)
Anthony Sampson, Empires of the Sky: The Politics, Contests and Cartels of World Airlines (New York: Random House, 1984), 43.
(38)
Sampson, Empires of the Sky, 36.
(39)
Patrick Smith, Cockpit Confidential: Everything You Need to Know About Air Travel (Chicago: Sourcebooks, 2013), xv.
(40)
Elizabeth Becker, Overbooked: The Exploding Business of Travel and Tourism (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2013), 9.
(41)
Becker, Overbooked: The Exploding Business of Travel and Tourism, 11, 12.
(42)
Ibid., 11.
(43)
Dean MacCannell, The Tourist: A New Theory of the Leisure Class (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1999), 42.
(44)
Fussell, “Bourgeois Travel: Techniques and Artifacts,” 65.
(45)
Daniel A. Gross, “The History of the Humble Suitcase,” Smithsonian.com, May 9, 2014, https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/history-humble-suitcase-180951376/.
(46)
Joe Sharkey, “Reinventing the Suitcase by Adding the Wheel,” New York Times, October 4, 2010, http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/05/business/05road.html.
(47)
Ibid.
(48)
Stirling Kelso, Jennifer Coogan, Nina Fedrizzi, Emily Hsieh, Alison Miller, and Nicholas Teddy, “History of Airline Bags,” Travel+Leisure, August 11, 2010, http://www.travelandleisure.com/articles/history-of-airline-baggage.
(49)
Smith, Cockpit Confidential, 265–66.
(50)
Ibid., 13.
(51)
Ralph Caplan, “Design for Travel(ers),” in Bon Voyage: Designs for Travel, Deborah Sampson Shinn, J. G. Links, et al. (New York: Cooper-Hewitt Museum, 1986), 95–127, 101.

الفصل الأول: الأمتعة والأسرار

(1)
Tennessee Williams, A Streetcar Named Desire (New York: New Directions, 2004), 44.
(2)
For more on pockets in relationship to gender and class, see Chelsea G. Summers, “The Politics of Pockets,” Racked, September 19, 2016, https://www.racked.com/2016/9/19/12865560/politics-of-pockets-suffragettes-women.
(3)
All material on Georgian London from Amanda Vickery, Behind Closed Doors: At Home in Georgian England (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2009), 26, 38–39.
(4)
Hans Ulrich Obrist, “Ever Airport: Notes on Taryn Simon’s Contraband,” Contraband (New York: Steidl/Gagosian Gallery, 2010), 7.
(5)
Ibid.
(6)
Obrist, “Ever Airport,” 9.
(7)
Simon, quoted by Obrist, “Ever Airport: Notes on Taryn Simon’s Contraband,” 13.
(8)
Obrist, “Ever Airport,” 15.
(10)
David Chazan, “Researchers study 17th century undelivered letters found in a leather trunk,” Telegraph, November 9, 2005, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/netherlands/11982846/Researchers-study-17th-century-undelivered-letters-found-in-a-leather-trunk.html.
(11)
Herman Melville, Bartleby the Scrivener (New York: Melville House, 2010), 64.
(12)
Jane Austen, Northanger Abbey (New York: Penguin, 1995), 143.
(13)
Austen, Northanger Abbey.
(14)
Ibid., 144.
(15)
Ibid., 148.
(16)
Ibid.
(17)
Ibid., 149.
(18)
Ibid., 150.
(19)
Ibid.
(20)
Lily Koppel, The Red Leather Diary: Reclaiming a Life Through the Pages of a Lost Journal (New York: Harper Collins, 2008), 1.
(21)
Koppel, The Red Leather Diary, 7.
(22)
Darby Penney and Peter Stastny, The Lives They Left Behind: Suitcases from a State Hospital Attic (New York: Bellevue Literary Press, 2008), Prologue, 25.
(23)
See Ingrid and Konrad Scheurmann, For Walter Benjamin: Documentation, Essays and a Sketch, 3 vols. (Bonn: Inter Nationes, 1993).
(24)
Ovid, The Poems of Exile, trans. Peter Green (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2005), 19.
(25)
Ovid, Poems of Exile, 10.
(26)
Ibid., 25.
(27)
Virginia Quarterly Review 93, no. 2 (Spring 2017): 9.
(28)
Holland Cotter, “For Migrants Headed North, the Things They Carried to the End,” New York Times, March 3, 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/03/03/arts/design/state-of-exception-estado-de-excepcion-parsons-mexican-immigration.html.
(29)
Ibid.
(30)
David Foster Wallace, A Supposedly Fun Thing I’ll Never Do Again: Essays and Arguments (New York: Back Bay Books, 1997), 270.
(31)
For more on Brian Goggin’s “Samson” installation at the Sacramento Airport, see Christopher Schaberg, The Textual Life of Airports: Reading the Culture of Flight (New York: Continuum International Publishing Group, 2011), Chapter 9.
(32)
“Titanic luggage turns up 99 years too late,” Yorkshire Post, November 2, 2013, http://www.yorkshirepost.co.uk/news/titanic-luggage-turns-up-99-years-too-late-1-6208609.
(33)
“Only one passenger saved his baggage,” New York Times, April 24, 1912, www.encyclopedia-titanica.org/baggage-saved.html.

الفصل الثاني: لغة الأمتعة

(1)
William Shakespeare, Henry V, ed. T.W. Craik (New York: Bloomsbury Arden, 1995).
(2)
Tim O’Brien, The Things They Carried (New York: Penguin Books, 1990), 3.
(3)
O’Brien, The Things They Carried, 5.
(4)
Steven Connor, Paraphernalia: The Curious Lives of Magical Things (London: Profile, 2011), 16.
(5)
Natalie Zarrelli, “The Most Precious Cargo for Lighthouses Across America Was a Traveling Library,” Atlas Obscura, February 18, 2016, http://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/the-most-precious-cargo-for-lighthouses-across-america-was-a-traveling-library.
(6)
Paula Byrne, The Real Jane Austen: A Life in Small Things (New York: HarperCollins, 2013), 267.
(7)
Byrne, The Real Jane Austen, 268.
(8)
Freydis Jane Welland, “The History of Jane Austen’s Writing Desk,” Persuasions: The Jane Austen Journal 30 (2008): 125–28.
(9)
William Shakespeare, Henry IV, Part 1, ed. David Scott Kastan (New York: Arden Bloomsbury, 2002).
(10)
Robert Pinsky, trans., The Inferno of Dante (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1996), 7.
(11)
C. D. Wright, ShallCross (Port Townsend, WA: Copper Canyon Press), 138.
(12)
Sinead Morrissey, Parallax and Selected Poems (Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2015), 201.
(13)
Constance Urdang, “The Luggage,” http://www.poetryfoundation.org/poem/176469.
(14)
Stanley Moss, A History of Color: New and Collected Poems (New York: Seven Stories Press, 2003), 34.
(15)
Paul K. Saint-Amour, “Over-Assemblage: Ulysses and the Boite-en-Valise from Above,” in Cultural Studies of James Joyce, ed. R. Brandon Kershner (Amsterdam and New York: European Joyce Studies 15, 2003), 21–58, 43.
(16)
Derek Attridge, “Unpacking the Portmanteau, or Who’s Afraid of Finnegans Wake?” in On Puns, ed. Jonathan Culler (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1988), 140–55, 145 and 148.
(17)
Texas Quarterly IV (winter, 1961): 50.
(18)
Lewis Carroll, Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland & Through the Looking-Glass (New York: Bantam, 1981), 179.
(19)
Francis Huxley, The Raven and the Writing Desk (New York: Harper & Row, 1976), 62.
(20)
Mary Ruefle, Trances of the Blast (Seattle and New York: Wave Books, 2013), 13.
(21)
Huxley, The Raven and the Writing Desk, 121.
(22)
Katherine Mansfield, Stories, ed. Jeffrey Myers, 1920 (New York: Vintage, 1991), 157.
(23)
Ibid.
(24)
Sergei Dolatov, The Suitcase, tr. Antonina W. Bouis (Berkeley: Counterpoint, 1986), 129.
(25)
Ernest Hemingway, A Moveable Feast (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1964), 74.
(26)
Orhan Pamuk, “My Father’s Suitcase,” New Yorker, December 26, 2006, http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2006/12/25/my-fathers-suitcase.

الفصل الثالث: حزْم الأمتعة

(1)
Eric J. Leed, The Mind of the Traveler: From Gilgamesh to Global Tourism (New York: Basic Books, 1991), 2.
(2)
Richard Ford, Between Them: Remembering My Parents (New York: Ecco, 2017), 42.
(3)
Jack Kerouac, On the Road (New York: Penguin 1955), 11-12.
(4)
See Michelle Dean, “Read it and keep: is it time to reassess the ‘beach read’?” Guardian, June 2, 2016, https://www.theguardian.com/books/2016/jun/02/beach-read-summer-books-holiday-vacation, and Ilana Masad, “When Totally Normal Books About Girls Turned Into ‘Beach Reads,” Broadly, June 20, 2017, https://broadly.vice.com/en_us/article/when-totally-normal-books-about-girls-turned-into-beach-reads.
(5)
“No surprises there then: women DO pack too much when they go on holiday,” Daily Mail, August 30, 2010, http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1307365/Women-DO-pack-holiday.html?mrn_rm=als1.
(6)
Hitha Palepu, How To Pack (New York: Clarkson Potter, 2017), 19.
(7)
Alice Oswald, Dart (London: Faber & Faber, 2002), 3.
(8)
Roland Barthes, Mythologies, tr. Annette Lavers (New York: Hill and Wang, 1972), 65-66.
(9)
Barthes, Mythologies, 65.
(10)
Ibid.
(11)
Susan Stewart, On Longing: Narratives of the Miniature, the Gigantic, the Souvenir, the Collection (Durham: Duke University Press, 1993), 68.
(12)
P. L. Travers, Mary Poppins (New York: Harcourt, 1981), 11.
(13)
Travers, Mary Poppins, 203.
(14)
Lucy Maud Montgomery, Anne of Green Gables (New York: Puffin Books, 2014), 16.
(15)
Montgomery, Anne of Green Gables, 17.
(16)
Ibid., 18.

الفصل الرابع: أمتعتي

(1)
“Introduction,” The Gendered Object, ed. Pat Kirkham (Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press, 1996), 9.
(2)
Seinfeld, “The Reverse Peephole,” season 9, episode 12 (1998).
(3)
Ralph Caplan, “Designs for Travel(ers),” Designs for Travel (New York: Cooper-Hewitt Museum, 1986), 95–127, 125.
(4)
Jane Austen, Selected Letters, ed. Vivien Jones (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004), 32.

الفصل الخامس: الأمتعة المفقودة: مركز الأمتعة غير المُطالَب بها في ألاباما

(1)
Elaine Scarry, On Beauty and Being Just (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999), 16.
(2)
Austen, Selected Letters, 29–30.
(3)
Ibid., 85, 87.
(4)
Ibid., 166.
(5)
Joe Yogerst, “Best and Worst Airlines for Lost Luggage,” Travel + Leisure, February 13, 2013, http://www.travelandleisure.com/slideshows/best-and-worst-airlines-for-lost-luggage.
(6)
Scott McCartney, “Baggage Claim: Airlines Are Winning the War on Lost Luggage,” Wall Street Journal, June 4, 2014, https://www.wsj.com/articles/baggage-claim-airlines-are-winning-the-war-on-lost-luggage-1401922595.

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