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The Collected Works of Karl Marx and Frederick Engels present Engels’s works and letters in English translation (or in the original English) in approximately 50 volumes. The first volume appeared in 1975, and the publishers are Progress of Moscow, Lawrence & Wishart of London, and International of New York, referred to below as the Progress consortium. All the major works of Engels (and the joint works with Marx) mentioned in the text are available in Progress editions, and The Condition of the Working Class in England is also translated and edited by W. O. Henderson and W. H. Chaloner (2nd edn., Blackwell, Oxford, 1971; Stanford University Press, 1968).
The Selected Works of Karl Marx and Frederick Engels in one volume was first published in 1968 and has been reprinted by the Progress consortium; of Engels’s major works it includes Socialism: Utopian and Scientific and The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State, with Ludwig Feuerbach and the End of Classical German Philosophy. The Selected Works in two volumes from the same publishers includes more of Engels’s shorter writings, such as the 1859 review ‘Karl Marx: A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy’ and ‘On Authority’. Engels: Selected Writings, edited by W. O. Henderson (Penguin, Harmondsworth, and Baltimore, Md, 1967) contains selections from The Condition of the Working Class in England and the full text of the ‘Outlines of a Critique of Political Economy’, as well as other economic, historical, philosophical and military writings. Engels as Military Critic, edited by W. O. Henderson and W. H. Chaloner (Manchester University Press, 1959; Greenwood Press, Westport, Conn., 1976), presents a selection of lesser-known articles of the 1860s. German Revolutions, edited by Leonard Krieger (University of Chicago Press, 1968), includes The Peasant War in Germany and Germany: Revolution and Counter-Revolution.

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I am indebted to the factual material collected and very well documented in W. O. Henderson’s The Life of Friedrich Engels in two volumes (Frank Cass, London, and Portland, Or., 1976). Gustav Mayer’s two-volume biography in German is published as Friedrich Engels in an abridged English translation by Gilbert and Helen Highet, edited by R. H. S. Crossman (Chapman & Hall, London, 1936; H. Fertig, New York, 1969). David McLellan’s Modern Masters Engels (Fontana/Collins, Glasgow, 1977; Penguin, Baltimore, Md., 1978) presents a brief account of Engels’s life and works.
Engels’s major works are discussed in Fritz Nova’s Friedrich Engels: His Contributions to Political Theory (Vision Press, London, 1968; Philosophical Library, New York, 1967). Engels, Manchester and the Working Class by Steven Marcus (Random House, New York, 1974) presents an analysis of the work from a literary point of view. Engels’s early works on British politics feature in Michael Levin, The Condition of England Question: Carlyle, Mill, Engels (Macmillan, London, and St Martin’s, New York, 1998). His late work The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State has become a classic of Marxistfeminism and gender studies; see Janet Sayers, Mary Ann Evans, Naneke Redclift (eds.), Engels Revisited: New Feminist Essays (Tavistock, London, 1987), and two articles by Terrell Carver, ‘Engels’s Feminism’, History of Political Thought, 6/3 (1985), 479–89, and ‘Theorizing Men in Engels’s Origin of the Family’, Masculinities, 2/1 (1994), 67–77. There are two recent edited volumes offering critical discussions of a wide range of topics that Engels was concerned with: Christopher J. Arthur (ed.), Engels Today: A Centenary Appreciation (Macmillan, Basingstoke, and St Martin’s, New York, 1996), and Manfred B. Steger and Terrell Carver (eds), Engels after Marx (Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park, Pa., 1999). The Marx-Engels relationship is considered in Norman Levine, The Tragic Deception: Marx contra Engels (Clio Books, Oxford, and Santa Barbara, Calif., 1975). I have also published Marx and Engels: The Intellectual Relationship (Wheatsheaf Books, Brighton, and Bloomington, Ind., Indiana University Press, 1983), and a biographical study Friedrich Engels: His Life and Thought (Macmillan, Basingstoke, 1989, and St Martin’s, New York, 1990).
The relationship of Engels to Marxism is discussed in George Lichtheim’s Marxism: An Historical and Critical Study (2nd edn., Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1968; Praeger, 1965), and in Richard N. Hunt, The Political Ideas of Marx and Engels, vol. 1, Marxism and Totalitarian Democracy (Macmillan, London, 1975; University of Pittsburgh Press, 1974). This topic is covered in three classic studies: Leszek Kolakowski, Main Currents of Marxism, translated by P. S. Falla, vol. 1 (Oxford University Press, Oxford and New York, 1978); David McLellan, Marxism after Marx (Macmillan, London, 1979; Harper & Row, New York, 1980); and Alvin W. Gouldner, The Two Marxisms (Macmillan, London; Seabury Press, New York, 1980). Two recent studies on this theme are S. H. Rigby, Engels and the Formation of Marxism: History, Dialectics and Revolution (Manchester University Press, Manchester and New York, 1992), and J. D. Hunley, The Life and Thought of Friedrich Engels: A Reinterpretation (Yale University Press,New Haven, and London, 1991).
Four articles of interest in which Engels’s work is discussed are: Terrell Carver, ‘Marx, Engels, and Dialectics’, Political Studies, 28/3 (September 1980), 353–63; Gareth Stedman Jones, ‘Engels and the End of Classical German Philosophy’, New Left Review, 79 (May-June 1973), 17–36; the same author’s ‘Engels and the Genesis of Marxism’, New Left Review, 106 (November-December 1977), 79–104; and Paul Thomas, ‘Marx and Science’, Political Studies, 24/1 (March 1976), 1–23. The last-named article has been particularly helpful to me in working out my views on Engels.
There is now an excellent Marx-Engels bibliography in English: Cecil L. Eubanks, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels: An Analytical Bibliography (Garland Press, London and New York, 1977).

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