الملاحظات

شكر وتقدير

(1)
Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University, Women and Philanthropy: Gaining Momentum, Aug. 2005 and Moving Women’s Philanthropy Forward: Influences, Intent, Impact, Nov. 2008.
(2)
Von Schlegell, A., and Fisher, J. Women as Donors, Women as Philanthropists. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1998; Conry, J. Women as Fundraisers: Their Experience in and Influence on an Emerging Profession. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1998; Taylor, M., and Shaw-Hardy, S. The Transformative Power of Women’s Philanthropy. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2005; Krotz, J. Making Philanthropy Count: How Women Are Changing the World. Women’s Philanthropy Institute at the Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University, 2009. Available online: Shaw-Hardy, S. Women’s Giving Circles: Reflections from the Founders, Women’s Philanthropy Institute at the Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University, Aug. 2009; Women’s Philanthropy on Campus: A Handbook for Working with Women Donors, Women’s Philanthropy Institute at the Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University, Dec. 2009.

الجزء الأول: الاعتراف بأوجُه الاختلاف

الفصل الأول: المرأة لا تقل مكانةً عن الرجل

(1)
Falk, Edith. Personal interview. Aug. 8, 2009.
(2)
Gilligan, C. In a Different Voice: Psychological Theory and Women’s Development. Boston: Harvard University Press, 1982.
(3)
Brin, D. “Men’s Brains Shrink as They Age, Study Says.” Detroit News, Apr. 11, 1996.
(4)
Ryan, J. “Brains of Women and Men Only Part of Story in Science.” San Francisco Chronicle, Mar. 3, 2005.
(5)
Gramza, J. “Girls Vs. Boys at Math.” ScienCentral Archive. [http://www.sciencentral.com/articles/view.php3?article_id=218393226&cat=1_5]. June 2, 2009.
(6)
Hyde, J., and Mertz, J. “Gender, Culture, and Mathematics Performance.” [http://itp.wceruw.org/Hyde%20PNAS09.pdf]. April 2, 2009.
(7)
Barnett, R., and Rivers, C. “Data on Scientists Hushes Media Echo Chamber.” Women’s enews. Oct. 3, 2007.
(9)
Tannen, D. You Just Don’t Understand: Women and Men in Conversation. New York: Ballantine Books, 1991.
(10)
Curan, D. “Wooing Women.” Worth, Apr. 2007.
(11)
Basch, Linda. Personal interview. Sept. 17, 2009.
(12)
Women in Fund Management. National Council on Research on Women. 2009.
(13)
Kavanagh, Thomas. Personal correspondence. Jan. 9, 2010.
(14)
“A Philanthropy of Their Own.” Giving Matters: Vanguard Charitable Endowment Program, Spring 2004.
(15)
Brown, M., and Rooney, P. “Men, Women, X and Y.” The Center on. Philanthropy at Indiana University. [http://www.google.com/search?client=safari&rls=en-us&q=center+on+philanthropy+younger+men+give+more+like+women&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8]. 2008.
(16)
Nichols, Judith. Personal correspondence. Dec. 10, 2009.
(17)
Tannen, D. You Just Don’t Understand: Women and Men in Conversation. New York: Ballantine Books, 1991.
(18)
Ballard, K. “Marketing to Older Women: Ideas and Opinions from the Trenches.” Journal of Gift Planning, Volume 4, Number 1, 1st Quarter 2000.
(19)
Conway-Welch, C. “Does Sex Make a Difference?” [http://www.nursing.vanderbilt.edu/dean/2003/04_uwc/full.pdf]. 2003.
(20)
Flessner, Bruce. Personal correspondence. Dec. 8, 2009.
(21)
“Philanthropy Among Business Women of Achievement: A Summary of Key Findings.” National Foundation for Women Business Owners (now the Center for Women’s Business Research), The Committee of 200. 1999.
(22)
Krotz, J. “Revolution REDUX.” Contribute: The People and Ideas of Giving, Jan./Feb. 2008.
(23)
Lodewick, Christine and Philip. Personal correspondence. July 17, 2009.
(24)
Gienow, M. “Wanted: More Men Committing More Time to Charities.” Chronicle of Philanthropy, Oct. 1, 2009.
(25)
Mesch, Debra. Personal interview. Aug. 29, 2009.
(26)
Slania, J. “A Woman’s Touch.” Crain’s Chicago Business. [http://www.chicagobusiness.com/cgi-bin/article.pl?article_id=19765&seenIt=1]. Mar. 31, 2003.
(27)
Pactor, Andrea. Personal interview. Aug. 27, 2009.
(28)
Swank, J. D. “What Women Want.” Target Analytics. [http://www.blackbaud.com/files/resources/downloads/WhitePaper_WhatWomenWant.pdf]. Mar. 2009.
(29)
Wasley, P. “New Research Sheds Light on Bequest Giving.” Chronicle of Philanthropy News Updates. [http://philanthropy.com/news/updates/7698/new-research-sheds-light-on-bequest-giving]. Apr. 1, 2009.
(31)
Preston, C. “Women are More Inclined to Support Charities Overseas, Study Finds.” Chronicle of Philanthropy, Prospecting News and Tips on Fund Raising. June 15, 2009.
(32)
Shaw-Hardy, S., and Stevens, C. Women’s Giving: A Generational Perspective. Traverse City, MI: The Falconer Group Press, 2008.
(33)
Hall, C. “The Search for Significance.” Dallas Morning News.http://www.dallasnews.com/sharedcontent/dws/dn/latestnews/stories/122406dnbusaltruists.2b1c1b5.html]. Dec. 24, 2006.
(34)
Ibid.
(35)
Brown, M., and Rooney, P. “Men, Women, X and Y.” The Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University. [http://www.google.com/search?client=safari&rls=en-us&q=center+on+philanthropy+younger+men+give+more+like+women&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8]. 2008.

الفصل الثاني: قوة المال

(1)
Schervish, P., and Havens, J. “The Markets May Be Down, But the Largest Intergenerational Transfer of Wealth in History Is Still Coming to Town.” [www.bc.edu/research/cwp/meta-elements/pdf/41trillionpressrelease.pdf]. Jan. 6, 2003.
(2)
Brown, M., Rooney, P., Hao, H., and Miller, S. “Men, Women, X and Y.” The Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University, 2007.
(3)
“Tomorrow’s Philanthropist.” Barclays Wealth in association with Ledbury Research. [http://www.barclayswealth.com/tomorrows-philanthropist.htm]. July 13, 2009.
(4)
Brown, M., Rooney, P., Hao, H., and Miller, S. “Men, Women, X and Y.” The Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University, 2007.
(5)
Scully, M. “The Pendulum Swings.” Case/Currents Magazine, July/Aug. 2009.
(6)
The Boston Consulting Group. [http://www.bcg.com/media/PressReleaseDetails.aspx?id=tcm:12-24864]. Sept. 28, 2009.
(7)
Dempsey, S. “Fidelity Study Finds Women Shaping the Future of Philanthropy.” [http://www.onphilanthropy.com/site/News2?page=News Article&id=7819]. May 22, 2009.
(8)
Ibid.
(9)
McConnona, A., and Delevingne, L. Bloomberg Businessweek. “The 50 Top American Givers.” [http://images.businessweek.com/ss/08/11/1124_biggest_givers/15.htm]. Dec. 8, 2009.
(11)
Benjamin, M. “Lorna Wendt.” U.S. News and World Report, Mar. 30, 2005.
(12)
Ladd, J. “Giving It Away: The Challenge of Inheriting a Fortune.” Women’s Times. [http://www.classism.org/pdf/resources_giving.pdf]. Feb. 2000.
(13)
Shaw-Hardy, S., and Stevens, C. Women’s Giving: A Generational Perspective. Traverse City, MI: The Falconer Group Press, 2008.
(14)
Justis, Jane Leighty. Personal correspondence. Jan. 4, 2010.
(15)
Krotz, J. “Revolution REDUX.” Contribute: The People and Ideas of Giving, Jan./Feb. 2008.
(16)
Toppo, G., and DeBarros, A. “Women Feed the Jump in College Enrollment.” USA Today. [http://www.usatoday.com/news/education/2007-09-12-census-college-enrollment_N.htm]. Aug. 12, 2007.
(17)
Witter, L., and Chen, L. The She Spot: Why Women Are the Market for Changing the World and How to Reach Them. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler, 2008.
(18)
“High Net Worth Women and Men Investors.” Center for Business Research. [http://www.nfwbo.org/press/details.php?id=47]. Dec. 10, 2002.
(19)
Gibbs, N. “What Women Want Now.” Time, Oct. 26, 2009.
(20)
Muley, M. “The 85% Niche: The Power of Women of All Colors.” [http://85percentniche.com/newsblog/?p=8]. June 6, 2008.
(21)
Stanley, T. Millionaire Women Next Door. Kansas City, KS: Andrews McMeel, 2004.
(22)
Engle, Debra. Personal interview. June 6, 2009.
(23)
Shaw-Hardy, S. Women’s Giving Circles: Reflections from the Founders. Women’s Philanthropy Institute at the Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University. [http://www.philanthropy.iupui.edu/PhilanthropicServices/WPI/docs/IU_GivingCircle_082809.pdf]. Aug. 2009.
(24)
Ketchum, Susan. Personal interview. Mar. 3, 2009.
(25)
Engle, Debra. Personal interview. June 6, 2009.

الجزء الثاني: سبل العمل الخيري وأسبابه عند المرأة

الفصل الثالث: التحول من سيداتٍ بلا مأوًى إلى سيداتٍ جريئات: الإعلام وتغيير الأفكار النمطية

(1)
Krotz, Joanna L. Personal correspondence. May 25, 2009.
(2)
Matthews, A. “Alma Maters Court Their Daughters.” New York Times Magazine, Apr. 7, 1991.
(3)
Hall, H. “Cultivating Philanthropy by Women.” Chronicle of Philanthropy, July 10, 1997.
(4)
Strout, E. “Courting Female Donors.” Chronicle of Higher Education, July 6, 2007.
(5)
Miller, S., and Kelley, T. “Charity Belle: Colleen Willoughby Helps Women Give Money Away.” People, Nov. 30, 1998.
(6)
Fiori, P. “New Orleans Now.” Town & Country, June 2006.
(7)
Marzorati, G. “Editor’s Notes.” New York Times Magazine, Aug. 17, 2009, p. 8.
(8)
Forest, S. “Darla Moore: The Lady Is a B-School.” Business Week, Mar. 30, 1998.
(9)
Parker, A. “State’s Future Moore’s Passion.” Charleston Post and Courier, Nov. 11, 2008.
(10)
Krotz, J. “Making Philanthropy Count: How Women Are Changing the World.” Women’s Philanthropy Institute at the Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University, May 2009.
(11)
Sellers, P. “The Business of Being Oprah.” Fortune, Apr. 1, 2002.
(12)
“$15M Matching Fund Encourages Women to Make Their Mark at Harvard.” The Harvard University Gazette. [http://www.news.harvard.edu/gazette/1998/05.21/15MMatchingFund.html]. May 21, 1998.
(13)
Witter, L., and Chen, L. The She Spot: Why Women Are the Market for Changing the World and How to Reach Them. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler, 2008.

الفصل الرابع: عطاء المرأة: المعايير الستة الأساسية، وثلاثة معايير إضافية

(1)
Shaw-Hardy, S., and Stevens, C. Women’s Giving: A Generational Perspective. Traverse City, MI: The Falconer Group Press, 2008.
(2)
Shaw-Hardy, S. Women’s Giving Circles: Reflections from the Founders. Women’s Philanthropy Institute at the Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University. [http://www.philanthropy.iupui.edu/PhilanthropicServices/WPI/docs/IU_GivingCircle_082809.pdf]. Aug. 2009.
(3)
Roper-Batker, Lee. Personal correspondence. Jan. 4, 2010.
(4)
Molinary, Rosie. Personal correspondence. Dec. 8, 2009.
(5)
Annan, K. “To Save Africa, We Must Save Africa’s Women.” Independent. [http://www.independent.co.uk/opinion/commentators/kofi-annan-to-save-africa-we-must-save-africas-women-612484.html]. Jan. 1, 2003.
(6)
Cassin, Carolyn. Personal interview. June 26, 2009.
(7)
McCarthy, K. Lady Bountiful Revisited. Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1990.
(8)
Gary, Tracy. Personal interview. Sept. 14, 2009.
(9)
Gary, T., and Kohner, M. Inspired Philanthropy: Creating a Giving Plan. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1998.
(10)
Gary, T. Inspired Philanthropy: Your Step-by-Step Guide to Creating a Giving Plan and Leaving a Legacy (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2008.
(11)
Gary, T. “Inspiring Youth to Bring About Change: Tools for the Generosity Generation.” Inspired Legacies [www.inspiredlegacies.org/youthgiving/]. 2009.
(12)
Fox, Kye, and Paulson, Linda. Personal interview. June 18, 2009.
(13)
Fine, A. Momentum: Igniting Social Change in the Connected Age. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2006.
(14)
Witter, L., and Chen, L. The She Spot: Why Women Are the Market for Changing the World and How to Reach Them. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler, 2008.
(15)
McGurn, Linda. Personal interview. July 21, 2009.
(16)
Shaw-Hardy, S. Women’s Giving Circles: Reflections from the Founders. Women’s Philanthropy Institute at the Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University. [http://www.philanthropy.iupui.edu/PhilanthropicServices/WPI/docs/IU_GivingCircle_082809.pdf]. Aug. 2009.
(17)
Ritchie, Debbie. Personal interview. July 16, 2009.
(18)
Moore, M. “Anita Roddick’s Will Reveals She Donated Entire 51 Million Pound Fortune to Charity.” Telegraph.co.uk. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1895768/Anita-Roddicks-will-reveals-she-donated-entire-51m-fortune-to-charity.html]. Apr. 16, 2008.
(19)
Hughes, D. “An Interview with Anita Roddick.” Share Guide. [http://www.shareguide.com/Roddick.html].
(20)
Winter, Alison. Personal interview. June 22, 2009.
(21)
“2006 Prudential Financial’s Study on Financial Experience and Behaviors Among Women.” Prudential Financial. [http://www.aauwtexas.org/docs/2006PrudentialWomensFinancialStudy.pdf]. 2006.
(22)
Stanny, Barbara. Personal interview. July 16, 2009.
(23)
Stanny, B. Prince Charming Isn’t Coming: How Women Get Smart About Money. New York: Penguin Group, 1997.
(24)
Dempsey, S. “Fidelity Study Finds Women Shaping the Future of Philanthropy.” [http://www.onphilanthropy.com/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=7819]. May 22, 2009.
(25)
Flessner, Bruce. Personal correspondence. Dec. 8, 2009.
(26)
Wasley, P. “Women Take the Lead in Couples’ Charitable-Giving Decisions.” Chronicle of Philanthropy. [http://philanthropy.com/news/updates/8307/women-take-the-lead-in-couples-charitable-giving-decisions]. May 19, 2009.
(27)
Lodewick, Christine and Philip. Personal correspondence. Dec. 15, 2009.
(28)
Reid, M. “Christine Lodewick Honored for Having Dr. King’s Spirit.” The RidgefieldPress.com. [http://www.acorn-online.com/joomla15/index.php?view=article&id=18804%3Achristine-lodewick-honored-on-martin-luther-king-day&option=com_content&Itemid=767]. Jan. 24, 2009.
(29)
Womack, Cheryl. Personal correspondence. Dec. 18, 2009.
(30)
Ernst, A. “Q&A With Bobbi Brown: How to Give Back.” Forbes Woman Q&A. [http://www.forbes.com/2009/06/24/bobbi-brown-philanthropy-forbes-woman-q-and-dress-for-success.html]. June 25, 2009.

الفصل الخامس: مراحل، وأنماط، وأجيال

(1)
Gajilan, A. “Scrap Mettle.” CNNMoney.com. [http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fsb/fsb_archive/2005/12/01/8365394/index.htm]. Jan. 20, 2006.
(2)
Damen, Margaret May. “Women as Philanthropists: Gender and Generational Synergy for Effective Gift Planning.” Journal of Gift Planning. [http://ohiononprofits.org/services.asp?page=ONN-51]. Dec. 2007.
(3)
Shaw-Hardy, S., and Stevens, C. Women’s Giving: A Generational Perspective. Traverse City, MI: The Falconer Group Press, 2008.
(4)
Brown, M., Rooney, P., Hao, H., and Miller, S. “Men, Women, X and Y.” The Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University, 2007.
(5)
“Margaret Lloyd of Kershaw County, Bolder Giving in Extraordinary Times.” [http://www.boldergiving.org/inspiring_stories/profile.php?cat=ages& value=over60&id=56].
(7)
Barletta, M. Prime Time Women. Chicago: Kaplan, 2007.
(8)
Hipp, Anna Kate. Personal interview. Aug. 13, 2009.
(10)
Stanley, T. “Women Baby Boomers May Boost Your Dollars.” Ohio Association of Nonprofit Organizations, Sept. 2006.
(11)
Krotz, J. “Advancing Women’s Philanthropy through Research.” Making Philanthropy Count. Women’s Philanthropy Institute at the Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University, May 2009.
(12)
Damen, M., and McCuistion, N. Women, Wealth, and Giving: The Virtuous Legacy of the Boom Generation. San Francisco: Wiley, 2010.
(13)
“Women as Philanthropists: Gender and Generational Synergy for Effective Gift Planning.” Journal of Gift Planning. [http://ohiononprofits.org/services.asp?page=ONN-51]. Dec. 2007.
(14)
Weston, Cheryl Rosen. Personal interview. Sept. 9, 2009.
(16)
Goldseker, S. “Beyond Duty and Obligation.” Council on Foundations, Foundation News & Commentary. Jan./Feb. 2006.
(17)
Marquardt, K. “New Money.” US News & World Report, Aug. 12, 2009.
(18)
Terrell, Tanya Jones. Personal interview. Aug. 14, 2009.
(19)
Reed, Candace Dodson. Personal interview. Aug. 17, 2009.
(20)
Grant, Sheri Reid. Personal interview. Sept. 21, 2009.
(21)
Harrin, L. “10 Tips for Managing Gen Y.” The Glass Hammer. [http://www.theglasshammer.com/news/2009/09/02/10-tips-for-managing-gen-y/]. Aug. 2, 2009.
(22)
Bay, W. “What a Generation Y Woman Really Wants?” Huffington Post. [http://www.huffingtonpost.com/willow-bay/what-a-generation-y-woman_b_44132.html]. Mar. 23, 2007.
(23)
Goldseker, Sharna. Personal interview. Aug. 28, 2009.
(24)
Azout, Sara. Personal interview. Sept. 24, 2009.
(25)
Walter, Kristin. Personal interview. Sept. 17, 2009.
(26)
Madzel, Melissa. Personal interview. Aug. 17, 2009.
(27)
“Five Things Your Nonprofit Needs to Know About Web 2.0 Donors.” Nonprofit Tech 2.0: A Social Media Guide for Nonprofits. [http://nonprofitorgs.wordpress.com/]. Sept. 17, 2009.

الجزء الثالث: التواصل مع النصف الآخر

الفصل السادس: مستقبل المؤسسات غير الربحية: التنمية مع مراعاة الفوارق بين الجنسين

(1)
Scully, M. K. “The Pendulum Swings.” Council for Advancement and Support of Education Currents, July/Aug. 2009.
(2)
Crabtree, Elizabeth. Personal interview. July 10, 2009.
(3)
Sharpe, Robert. Personal interview. July 13, 2009.
(4)
Mead, Nancy. Personal interview. Oct. 8, 2009.
(5)
Larson, David. Personal interview. July 13, 2009.
(6)
“I Am Powerful.” CARE Web site. [http://mycare.org/site]. July 2009.
(7)
Moline, Patricia. Personal interview. July 9, 2009.
(8)
Brown, Marion. Personal interview. Oct. 21, 2009.
(9)
Gaudiani, Claire. Personal interview. July 17, 2009.
(10)
Jackson, Patricia. Personal interview. Aug. 26, 2009.
(11)
Wayson, Tracy. Personal interview. July 8, 2009.
(12)
Rowland Frautschi, Pleasant. Personal correspondence. Feb. 5, 2010.
(13)
Flessner, Bruce. Personal interview. July 10, 2009.
(14)
Weber, Erick. Personal interview. July 8, 2009.
(15)
Henze, Lawrence. Personal interview. July 8, 2009.
(16)
Making Philanthropy Count: How Women Are Changing the World. Women’s Philanthropy Institute at the Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University, May 2009.
(17)
Hubert, L. M. “Emerging Donors: The Reliability and Validity of the Survey of Women Donors at the University of Notre Dame.” Department of Educational Leadership and Policy Analysis, College of Education, University of Missouri-Columbia, 2009.
(18)
“The 2008 Study of High Net Worth Philanthropy: Issues Driving Charitable Activities Among Affluent Households.” Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University, Mar. 2009.
(19)
Altinkemer, Cheryl. Personal interview. July 20, 2009.
(20)
Picus, Joy. Personal interview. Aug. 4, 2009.
(21)
Miles, Barbara. Personal correspondence. Jan. 4, 2010.
(22)
Collier, C. W. Wealth in Families. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2006.
(23)
Remmer, Ellen. Personal interview. Feb. 4, 2010.
(24)
The Art and Science of Donor Development Workbook. Advancement Resources, LLC, 2006.

الفصل السابع: إشراك المرأة في اتخاذ القرار

(1)
Women in Philanthropy. [http://www.womeninphilanthropy.com/].
(2)
Thorne, Dune. Personal interview. Sept. 18, 2009.
(3)
Bach, D. Smart Women Finish Rich: 9 Steps to Achieving Financial Security and Funding Your Dreams. New York: Broadway, 2002.
(4)
Dempsey, S. “Fidelity Study Finds Women Shaping the Future.” [http://www.onphilanthropy.com/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=7819]. May 22, 2009.
(6)
Miles, Joyce. Personal correspondence. Dec. 7, 2009.
(7)
Morris, M. “Purdue Alumni Give to Consumer and Family Sciences to Help Families.” [http://news.uns.purdue.edu/html3month/2006/060407.Mullen.gift.html]. Apr. 6, 2006.
(8)
Grabmeire, J. “Better Grades and Greater Incentives Help Explain Why Women Outpace Men in College Degrees.” Ohio State University Research. [http://researchnews.osu.edu/archive/womcolge.htm]. Sept. 19, 2006.
(9)
Buchmann, C., and DiPrete, T. A. “The Growing Female Advantage in College Completion: The Role of Parental Resources and Academic Achievement.” American Sociological Review, 2006.
(10)
DiPrete, T. A., and Buchmann, C. “Gender Specific Trends in the Value of Education and the Emerging Gender Gap in College Completion.” Demography, 2006.
(11)
Oppedisano, J. “Leaving Men Behind: Women Go to College in Ever-Greater Numbers.” Women in Management Review, 2004.
(12)
“Women in the Professions.” Bureau of Labor Statistics. [http://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2006/dec/wk1/art02.htm]. Dec. 5, 2006.
(13)
Ibid.
(14)
Shipman, C., and Kay, K. “Women Will Rule Business.” Time in partnership with CNN. [http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/printout/0,29239,1898024_1898023_1898078,00.html]. May 14, 2009.
(15)
Hesselbein, F., and Collins, J. Hesselbein on Leadership. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2002.
(16)
Helgesen, S. The Female Advantage. New York: Broadway Business, 1991.
(17)
Levesque, C. “Highlights of a Leadership Discussion with Frances Hesselbein.” American Society of Association Executives. [http://www.asaecenter.org/files/FileDownloads/Hesselbein_Summary.pdf]. Jan. 28, 2004.
(18)
Janis, I. L. Groupthink: Psychological Studies of Policy Decisions and Fiascoes (2nd ed.) New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1982.
(19)
Shipman, C., and Kay, K. “Women Will Rule Business.” Time in partnership with CNN. [http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/printout/0,29239,1898024_1898023_1898078,00.html]. May 14, 2009.
(20)
Biskupic, J. “Ginsburg: Court needs another woman.” USA Today. [http://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/judicial/2009-05-05-ruthginsburg_N.htm]. May 5, 2009.
(21)
Rooney, Patrick. Personal correspondence. June 1, 2009.
(22)
Fouke, Dr. Janie. Personal correspondence. Jan. 1, 2010.
(23)
Peters, T. Re-Imagine! Business Excellence in a Disruptive Age. New York: DK Publishing, 2003.
(24)
Milk, L., and Ryan, E. “2006 Washingtonians of the Year: Anne Mosle.” Washingtonian.com., Jan. 31, 2007.
(25)
McGurn, Linda. Personal interview. July 21, 2009.
(26)
Lyden, J. “Women Dominate New Hampshire State Senate.” All Things Considered. [http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=96799349]. Nov. 9, 2008.
(27)
West, N. “Women More Likely Than Men to Volunteer.” RTI International. [http://www.rti.org/news.cfm?nav=268&objectid=429C1F1D-0B08-428E-A69F74EEB74EA1DB]. June 6, 2006.
(28)
Minter, M. “Seeking Volunteer Leaders: Tips for Increasing Women’s Giving.” On Philanthropy. [http://www.onphilanthropy.com/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=7737]. Mar. 5, 2009.
(29)
Nonprofit Governance Index 2007, BoardSource. [http://www.boardsource.org/UserFiles/File/Research/GovIndex-2007.pdf]. 2007.
(30)
Krotz, J. “Revolution REDUX.” Contribute: The People and Ideas of Giving. Jan./Feb. 2008.
(31)
Graybow, M. “Female Directors Improve Financial Results.” MSN.money, Oct. 1, 2007.
(32)
Berkman, J. “Philanthropy from Venus Differs from Philanthropy from Mars.” JewishJournal.com. [http://www.jewishjournal.com/philanthropy/article/philanthropy_from_venus_differs_from_philanthropy_from_mars_20081118/]. Nov. 18, 2009.
(33)
Krotz, J. L. The Guide to Intelligent Giving: Make a Difference in the World—And in Your Own. New York: Hearst, 2009.
(34)
Shaw-Hardy, S., Stevens, C., and Taylor, M. “The Effect of a Global Recession on Women’s Giving.” [http://www.philwomen.com]. 2009.

الفصل الثامن: برامج العمل الخيري النسائي وحلقات العطاء

(1)
Weisberg, Doris. Personal interview. Oct. 3, 2009.
(2)
Jorgensen, Judy. Personal correspondence. July 30, 2009.
(3)
Jackson, Patricia. Personal interview. Aug. 26, 2009.
(4)
Altinkemer, Cheryl. Personal interview. July 20, 2009.
(5)
McGurn, Linda. Personal interview. July 21, 2009.
(6)
Gilliams, L. Virginia Tech University Survey of Women’s Philanthropy Programs in Higher Education, Aug. 14, 2009.
(7)
Lovell, Jeanie. Personal correspondence. Oct. 6, 2009.
(8)
Hubert, Lynn. Personal interview. July 17, 2009.
(9)
University of California-Los Angeles Women & Philanthropy Web site. [http://women.support.ucla.edu]. Aug. 2009.
(10)
Freiberg, Kristen. Personal interview. July 9, 2009.
(11)
“Making Philanthropy Count: How Women Are Changing the World.” Women’s Philanthropy Institute at the Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University, May 2009.
(12)
Ibid.
(13)
Learned, A., and Johnson, L. Don’t Think Pink: What Really Makes Women Buy—and How to Increase Your Share of This Crucial Market. New York: AMACOM, 2004.
(14)
Silverman, M., and Sayre, K. “The Female Economy.” Harvard Business Review, Sept. 2009.
(15)
Farella, N. Rutgers Survey of Women’s Philanthropy Programs in Higher Education, Aug. 5, 2009.
(16)
Biles, Tracey. Personal correspondence. Aug. 3, 2009.
(17)
Farella, Rutgers Survey.
(18)
“Making Philanthropy Count: How Women Are Changing the World.” Women’s Philanthropy Institute at the Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University, May 2009.
(19)
Ibid.
(20)
University of Virginia Web site. [http://campaign.virginia.edu/site]. Sept. 2009.
(21)
Shaw-Hardy, S. Women’s Giving Circles: Reflections from the Founders. Women’s Philanthropy Institute at the Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University. [http://www.philanthropy.iupui.edu/PhilanthropicServices/WPI/docs/IU_GivingCircle_082809.pdf]. Aug. 2009.
(22)
Tempel, Eugene. Personal interview. Dec. 18, 2009.
(23)
Miller, S., and Kelley, T. “Charity Belle: Colleen Willoughby Helps Women Give Money Away.” People, Nov. 30, 1998.
(24)
Gladwell, M. The Tipping Point: How Little Things Can Make a Big Difference. New York: Back Bay Books, 2002.
(25)
Shaw-Hardy, S. C. Creating a Women’s Giving Circle. Women’s Philanthropy Institute. [http://www.philanthropy.iupui.edu/Products/product_list.aspx]. 2000.
(26)
Strup, Linda. Personal interview. Jan. 4, 2010.
(27)
The Women’s Giving Circle of Howard County Web site. [www.womensgivingcircle.org].
(28)
Moscow Giving Circle Web site. [www.moscowgivingcircle.org].
(29)
Giving Circles Network Web site. [www.givingcircles.org].
(30)
The Omaha Venture Group Web site. [www.omahacf.org].
(31)
Chapman, H. “The Growth of Giving Circles.” The Glass Hammer. [http://www.theglasshammer.com/news/2009/01/02/the-growth-of-giving-circles/]. Jan. 2, 2009.
(32)
Eikenberry, Angela. Personal interview. Dec. 15, 2009.
(33)
Bettger, Sandy. Personal correspondence. Dec. 15, 2009.

الفصل التاسع: موروث أم مكتسب: البرامج التثقيفية للمتبرعات

(1)
Krotz, J. “Revolution REDUX.” Contribute: The People and Ideas of Giving. Jan./Feb. 2008.
(2)
Women Moving Millions. [http://www.womenmovingmillions.net/].
(3)
“Merrill Lynch Investment Managers (MLIM) Survey Finds When it Comes to Investing, Gender a Strong Influence on Behavior.” Merrill Lynch. [http://www.ml.com/index.asp?id=7695_7696_8149_46028_47486_47543]. April 18, 2005.
(4)
Burkhart, Lorene. Personal correspondence. Dec. 17, 2009.
(5)
Ibid.
(6)
Gaudiani, Claire. Personal correspondence. Dec. 17, 2009.
(7)
Thorne, Dune. Personal interview. Sept. 18, 2009.
(8)
Descano, Linda. Personal interview. Jan. 1, 2010.
(10)
Gary, T. Inspired Philanthropy: Your Step-by-Step Guide to Creating a Giving Plan and Leaving a Legacy. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2008.
(11)
Ellinger, C. and A. The Bolder Giving Workbook. [http://www.boldergiving.org/programs/workbook.php]. Arlington, MA: Bolder Giving, 2010.
(12)
Rosenberg, C. Wealthy and Wise. Boston: Little, Brown, 1994.
(13)
“Annual Donations Can Raise $27.5 Billion.” Newtithing Group. [http://www.charitynavigator.org/index.cfm/bay/content.view/cpid/523]. Oct. 11, 2006.
(14)
“A Biographical Sketch of Mary Elizabeth Garrett.” The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. [http://www.medicalarchives.jhmi.edu/garrett/biography.htm]. 2010.
(15)
“Women—Or the Female Factor.” Johns Hopkins Medicine. [http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/about/history/history6.html]. 2010.
(16)
Strout, E. “Courting Female Donors.” Chronicle of Higher Education, July 6, 2007.
(17)
Miles, Joyce. Personal correspondence. Dec. 7, 2009.
(18)
Gary, Tracy. Personal interview. Sept. 14, 2009.
(19)
Stergiou, C. “Kay Sprinkel Grace, America’s doyenne of board excellence and mission development.” SOFII. [http://www.sofi i.org/active%20site/Members%20area/GG5KaySprinkelGrace.html]. 2010.
(20)
Bradshaw, Reene. Personal interview. Sept. 8, 2009.
(21)
Ghrist, Liz. Personal interview. Aug. 13, 2009.
(22)
Orvañanos de Rovzar, Marcela. Personal interview. Sept. 14, 2009.
(23)
Basch, Linda. Personal interview. Sept. 17, 2009.
(24)
Hall, S. “Six Principles of Women’s High-Engagement Philanthropy.” Tactical Philanthropy Advisors. [http://tacticalphilanthropy.com/2009/05/six-principles-of-womens-high-engagement-philanthropy]. May 27, 2009.
(25)
Verhovek, Lisa. Personal interview. July 13, 2009.

الجزء الرابع: مستقبل العمل الخيري

الفصل العاشر: نساء العمل الخيري الجريئات: آفاق جديدة للعمل الخيري النسائي

(1)
Women Moving Millions. [http://www.womenmovingmillions.net/].
(2)
Brill, B. “Women in Philanthropy.” Forbes. [http://www.forbes.com/2009/08/18/brill-women-philanthropy-intelligent-investing-wealth.html]. Aug. 18, 2009.
(3)
Mieszkowski, K. “Learning and Change—Catherine Muther.” Fast Company. [http://www.fastcompany.com/magazine/30/muther.html]. Dec. 19, 2007.
(4)
Shriver, M. The Shriver Report. A Study by Maria Shriver and the Center for American Progress. [http://www.awomansnation.com/quotes.php]. Oct. 2009.
(5)
Talburtt, Peg. Personal interview. Aug. 11, 2009.
(6)
Minter, Michele. Personal interview. Sept. 17, 2009.
(7)
Shaw-Hardy, S. Women’s Giving Circles: Reflections from the Founders. Women’s Philanthropy Institute at the Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University. [http://www.philanthropy.iupui.edu/PhilanthropicServices/WPI/docs/IU_GivingCircle_082809.pdf]. Aug. 2009.
(8)
Malveaux, J. “Black Women and Philanthropy.” [http://www.juliannemalveaux.com/downloads/black_women.pdf]. June 2005.
(9)
Minter, M. “Philanthropy and Impactful Giving.” Empowerment Summit for Women, Women’s Philanthropy Institute. Oct. 8, 2009.
(10)
Shaw-Hardy, S. Women’s Giving Circles: Reflections from the Founders. Women’s Philanthropy Institute at the Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University. [http://www.philanthropy.iupui.edu/PhilanthropicServices/WPI/docs/IU_GivingCircle_082809.pdf]. Aug. 2009.
(11)
Africa, S. “Growth Figures Expose Government’s Fake Stimulus, Limits of Relying on Remittances.” IBON Foundation. [http://info.ibon.org/ibon_ features.php]. Nov. 29, 2009.
(12)
Osborne, Karen. Personal interview. Aug. 31, 2009.
(13)
“Expanding the Circle: An African American and Asian Women’s Perspective on Giving.” A collaboration of the Boston Women’s Fund, Haymarket People’s Fund and the Women’s Theological Center, 2007.
(14)
Maehara, Paulette. Personal interview. Aug. 11, 2009.
(15)
Joslyn, M. “A Man’s World.” The Chronicle of Philanthropy, Sept. 17, 2009.
(16)
Basch, Linda. Personal interview. Sept. 17, 2009.
(17)
Karimzadeh, M. “Donna’s ‘Urban Zen’: Her Vision for Well-being.” WWD.com. [http://www.blingdomofgod.com/urbanzen.pdf]. Apr. 25, 2007.
(18)
Riddle, K. “Capturing the Moments.” Hospice of the Western Reserve. [http://www.hospicewr.org/uploads/pdf/news/A-G/Currents_051806.pdf]. May 18, 2006.
(19)
Wilson, Trisha. Personal correspondence. Jan. 4, 2010.
(20)
Rairez, M. “Photos of Dying Children Win Hearts of Many.” Seattle Times, Sept. 7, 2005.
(21)
Hall, C. “Dallas Designer Is a ‘Rock Star’ Overseas: Trisha Wilson Balances Ritzy Career with Healing Efforts in S. Africa.” Dallas Morning News. [http://www.aegis.com/news/dmn/2006/DM060301.html]. Mar. 5, 2006.
(22)
Picus, Joy. Personal interview. Aug. 4, 2009.
(23)
Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors. [http://rockpa.org/special_programs/muslim-womens-fund/].
(24)
Sellers, P. “Melinda Gates Goes Public.” Fortune, Jan. 7, 2008.
(25)
Dempsey, S. “Fidelity Study Finds Women Shaping the Future.” [http://www.onphilanthropy.com/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=7819]. May 22, 2009.
(26)
Remmer, E. “TPI’s Remmer Kicks Off Philadelphia Fdn. Women’s Philanthropy Network.” Philanthropic Initiative, Aug. 27, 2008.
(27)
Ibid.
(28)
“The Dynamics of Women and Family Philanthropy.” The Transformative Power of Women’s Philanthropy. Council on Foundations, Winter, 2005.
(29)
Shaw-Hardy, S. Women’s Giving Circles: Reflections from the Founders. Women’s Philanthropy Institute at the Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University. [http://www.philanthropy.iupui.edu/PhilanthropicServices/WPI/docs/IU_GivingCircle_082809.pdf]. Aug. 2009.
(30)
“Women Unite to Cut Into Hedge Funds’ Male Thicket.” Reuters News. [http://www.100womeninhedgefunds.org/pages/in_the_press.php]. Feb. 6, 2002.
(32)
Edwards, M. “Transformative Leadership Employs Spirituality for Social Change.” Chronicle of Philanthropy, Oct. 1, 2009.
(33)
Ibid.
(34)
Maehara, Paulette. Personal interview. Aug. 11, 2009.
(35)
Grumm, Chris. Personal interview. Aug. 18, 2009.
(36)
Baretta, Bridget. Personal interview. Jan. 17, 2010.
(37)
Krotz, Joanna L. Personal interview. May 25, 2009.
(38)
Roper-Batker, Lee. Personal correspondence. Jan. 4, 2009.
(39)
Lee, B. “A Woman’s Place Is in the White House.” Albany Times Union, Mar. 3, 2006.
(41)
Kennedy, J. F. “Poetry and Power.” Atlantic, Feb. 1964.
(42)
Grumm, Chris. Personal interview. Aug. 18, 2009.
(43)
Stepanek, M. “60 Seconds with Philanthropist Sheila Johnson.” Contribute. [http://www.contributemedia.com/people_details.php?id=203].
(44)
The Goromonzi Project. [http://www.goromonziproject.org/].
(45)
Shaw, Janet. Personal correspondence. Jan. 8, 2010.
(46)
Lampman, J. “Researchers Say Giving Leads to a Healthier, Happier Life.” Christian Science Monitor, July 25, 2007.

الفصل الحادي عشر: عصر العمل الخيري النسائي

(1)
About.com. Women’s History. [http://womenshistory.about.com/od/quotes/a/jane_addams.htm].
(2)
Solomon, D. “Questions for Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Madame President.” New York Times Magazine, Aug. 23, 2009.
(3)
Shaw-Hardy, S., and Stevens, C. Women’s Giving: A Generational Perspective. Traverse City, MI: Falconer Group Press, 2008.
(4)
Hirsch, Liz Levitt. Personal interview. Sept. 29, 2009.
(5)
Kristof, N., and WuDunn, S. Half the Sky: Turning Oppression into Opportunity for Women Worldwide. New York: Knopf, 2009.
(6)
Weeks, Julie. Personal interview. Sept. 28, 2009.
(7)
Elkington, John. Cannibals with Forks: The Triple Bottom Line of 21st Century Business. Briolola Island, BC, Canada: New Society Publishers, 1998.
(8)
Orvañanos de Rovzar, Marcela. Personal interview. Sept. 14, 2009.
(9)
Basch, Linda. Personal interview. Sept. 17, 2009.
(10)
“Education and Development: Why Is Education Important to Development?” The World Bank. [http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTEDUCATION/0,,contentMDK:20591648~menuPK:1463858~pagePK:148956~piPK:216618~theSitePK:282386,00.html]. 2009.
(11)
Belkin, L. “The Power of the Purse.” New York Times Magazine, Sept. 23, 2009.
(12)
“Raising Women’s Voices for the Health Care We Need.” A collaborative initiative of the Avery Institute for Social Change, MergerWatch Project of Community Catalyst, and the National Women’s Health Network. [http://www.raisingwomensvoices.net/storage/pdf_files/RWV-Principles-4.07.08.pdf]. Apr. 7, 2008.
(13)
Condon, S. “Michelle Obama: Health Care Is a Women’s Issue.” CBS News Blogs. [http://www.cbsnews.com/blogs/2009/09/18/politics/politicalhotsheet/entry5320221.shtml]. Sept. 28, 2009.
(14)
Seattle Children’s Hospital. [http://www.seattlechildrens.org/about/history/].
(15)
Abbott, P., Wallace, C., and Tyler, M. An Introduction to Sociology: Feminist Perspectives. New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2005.
(16)
Ellinger, Anne. Personal interview. Aug. 20, 2009.
(17)
“Bolder Giving in Extraordinary Times.” FUNdraising Opinions, News & Successes. [http://fundraisinggoodtimes.wordpress.com/tag/women-in-philanthropy-and-fundraising/]. July 26, 2009.
(18)
Shriver, M. The Shriver Report. A Study by Maria Shriver and the Center for American Progress. [http://www.awomansnation.com/quotes.php]. Oct. 2009.
(19)
Kawasaki, G. “Hitting the She Spot: How to Market to Women as Consumers and Social Change Agents.” Open Forum. [http://www.openforum.com/idea-hub/topics/the-world/article/hitting-the-she-spot-how-to-market-to-women-as-consumers-and-social-change-agents-guy-kawasaki]. June 22, 2009.
(20)
The Boston Consulting Group. [http://www.bcg.com/media/PressReleaseDetails.aspx?id=tcm:12-24864]. Sept. 28, 2009.
(21)
Mesch, Debra. Personal interview. Aug. 27, 2009.

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